Sustainable Development Success Stories
|Location||Urban/peri-urban, Tegucigalpa, Honduras|
|Responsible Organisation||UNICEF, with the National Autonomous Water and Sewage Authority (SANAA) Executive Unit for Settlements in Development (UEBD), which is largely funded by Sweden and Switzerland.|
|Description||Honduras has experienced rapid urbanisation over the last twenty years. The capital, Tegucigalpa has a population of 850,000, more than half of whom live in 225 peri-urban communities. The peri-urban settlements have developed on steep hills around the city, making them very vulnerable to natural disasters (i.e. landslides, hurricanes). Surface water is almost non-existent, and groundwater is often too deep and polluted. The provision of basic services such as water and sewage systems is very difficult and costly. Most of the potable water is transported from outside the city. However, the water distribution system is too limited to supply the entire population, and it is estimated that 40% of water pumped in the network is wasted due to leakage. The programme features the use of A variety of technologies, community participation, a cost-sharing and cost-recovery system, hygiene education, and training.
Hygiene education has been promoted through a pilot project called Healthy School and Healthy House, which started in 1996. All beneficiary communities and Water Boards receive assistance and training through primary schools, street cleaning and garbage collection, cleaning and community improvements. Training includes; administration, accounting and maintenance, problem solving, conflict resolution, negotiations, appropriate participatory and information materials, technical training for plumbers and health education for school teachers and community volunteers. Once the members, now called Family Visitors, have been trained, they are responsible for individual visits to a specific number of families, a set number of times.
The Tegucigalpa model is still dynamic and evolving model that shows that universal sustainable access to water supply and sanitation services can be achieved by using innovative low-cost technologies, involving communities, and encouraging cost-sharing and recovering of both investment and Operation & Maintenance costs.
|Issues Addressed||Freshwater, Education, Capacity Building.|
|Results Achieved||Between 1987 and 1996, 150,000 people in 80 communities benefited from water supply programme and about 5,000 in four communities from the sanitation programme.|
Apartado Postal 2850 Tegucigalpa MDC Honduras, C.A.