Employment

A destroyed building behind barbed wire

An estimated 4.8 million jobs have been lost in Ukraine since the start of the Russian aggression, according to ILO. If hostilities escalate employment losses would increase to seven million.

A factory worker in a wheel goes down the hall among women at sewing machines.

ILO launched a new guide on the inclusion of persons with disabilities for employers in Asia and the Pacific. Using real-life examples, the guide cites how inclusive policies can boost profitability.

Portrait of a smiling man in a factory setting

The ILO hosts the Global Forum for a Human-centred Recovery from 22-24 February. It brings together heads of State and Government, heads of international organizations and multilateral development banks, and employers’ and workers’ leaders from around the world to propose concrete actions and strengthen the international community’s response to the COVID-19 crisis. The Forum will examine in particular the actions and investments needed to meet the ambition of the ILO Global Call to Action  and the Global Accelerator on Jobs and Social Protection.

illustration of a woman sitting and holding a shovel with construction workers working behind her.

More than 60 per cent of the world’s employed population earn their livelihoods in the informal economy. The COVID-19 pandemic has put a spotlight on the vulnerability of informal workers, who often lack social protection or employment-related benefits and are twice as likely to be poor. On this World Day of Social Justice, the UN seeks to highlight the transition to formal employment as a necessary condition to reduce poverty and inequalities, notably in times of crisis. The 2030 Agenda and the Secretary-General’s Our Common Agenda report, recognise the transition to formality as a priority.

ILO brings us the story of Sai Sai, a migrant construction worker in Chiang Mai, a city in Northern Thailand. After government legislation made it illegal for migrant workers to do skilled construction work, Sai Sai along with other migrant workers and local organizations worked together to get the law amended.

A view from above of two laptops set up in an outdoor space.

WHO and ILO have called for measures to be put in place to protect workers’ health while teleworking. A new technical brief to healthy and safe teleworking, published by the two UN agencies, outlines the health benefits and risks of teleworking and the changes needed to accommodate the shift towards different forms of remote work arrangements brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic and the digital transformation of work. Teleworking can improve the physical and mental health and social wellbeing of workers, while leading to higher productivity and lower operational costs for many companies.

Problems always arise when a woman forces her way into a man’s world. Men will wonder “what is she doing here, why doesn’t she cook or sew?” Entrepreneur, Takhmina Bakhronova, broke into the male-dominated taxi business in Tajikistan’s capital, Dushanbe – introducing innovations that have left her competitors standing. See the full multimedia story on ILO's Voices - a platform with first person perspectives on the world of work.

woman wearing a facemask at a sewing machine

ILO has downgraded its forecast for labour market recovery in 2022, projecting a deficit in hours worked globally equivalent to 52 million full-time jobs, relative to the fourth quarter of 2019. The previous full-year estimate in May 2021 projected a deficit of 26 million full-time equivalent jobs. While this latest projection is an improvement on the situation in 2021, it remains almost two per cent below the number of global hours worked pre-pandemic, according ILO’s WESO Trends 2022. Global unemployment is expected to remain above pre-COVID-19 levels until at least 2023.

A hand smooths a textile on a hand loom

About 10 per cent of people are left handed, yet the world of work is overwhelmingly set up for right-handers. There are also numerous examples – historical and contemporary - of discrimination and stigma in relation to left-handed people.

In this edition of the ILO's Future of Work podcast, Sophy Fisher speaks to Dr Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Assistant Professor at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. Dr Papadatou-Pastou's research interests include various aspects of neuropsychology, as well as cognitive neuroscience and experimental psychology. Her work focuses on handedness and brain lateralization, using behavioral and brain imaging techniques in healthy individuals as well as populations with special education needs.

Ahead of International Migrants Day, ILO Senior Labour Migration Specialist, Gloria Moreno-Fontes, speaks from Pretoria about the Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) Project, aiming to improve migration management in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region. The project is funded by the European Commission and implemented by the ILO in collaboration with the IOM, UNODC and the UN Refugee Agency.

Two girls in a pool.

ILO presents Bi Qiting. Qi lost her eyesight at 14. She trains to become a swimming instructor because to help other people with disabilities get out of the home, exercise and enjoy life more.

Senior Programme Officer in Turkey, Nejat Kocabay, explains how an ILO project is helping to eliminate the worst forms of child labour in seasonal agriculture in Turkey, including hazelnut harvesting.

Supply chains are broken and acute shortages are hiking prices. And while businesses struggle to stay afloat, vulnerable groups search for jobs. These changes, compounded by the COVID pandemic, have caused great turmoil in our lives. But, they also provide opportunities for moving towards a better future of work.

man performing hazardous work

The first WHO/ILO global estimates on disease and injury in the workplace outline the level of preventable premature deaths due to exposure to work-related health risks.

woman presenting to audience

Driven by the belief that young people possess the agency and power to shape their future, some Kenyan youth are tapping into the digital economy and taking their place at the negotiation table.