The EU-UN Partnership on Land, Natural Resources and Conflict Prevention

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Cote D'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire suffered conflict and volatility since the 2010 post-election crisis when the incumbent president did not accept defeat, leading to months of violence and unrest. Today this West African nation - with the highest level of biodiversity in the region, vast mineral deposits and significant revenue from cocoa exports - is seeking to establish a roadmap for peacebuilding and economic recovery. The roadmap aims to address environmental and natural resource governance on a national scale and as a precondition for sustainable development and conflict prevention.

The Government of Côte d'Ivoire, through its Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, has requested that UNEP undertake a Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment (PCEA) in order to carry out systematic and quantitative analyses of the environment and natural resources based on remote sensing, environmental sampling and institutional assessment. UNEP will also examine the links between natural resources and conflict, including both historical connections and potential links in the future. UNEP aims to identify how to transform the management of natural resources into peacebuilding and sustainable development opportunities without creating new sources of tension or impacting the environment. Climate change, other disaster risks and gender will also be evaluated by UNEP as cross-cutting themes.

Photo: UNDP

This integrated assessment approach will assist the Government of Côte d'Ivoire, international institutions, NGOs and civil society organisations to direct their resources in a way which will directly support conflict prevention and disaster risk reduction.

The results – to be published late 2013 – will include:

  1. PCEA – This will present the current status of the environment in Côte d’Ivoire in key sectors and include recommendations for practical, institutional and legal responses.
  2. Opportunity and risk analysis of land, natural resources and the urban environment, which will identify: peacebuilding opportunities from natural resource exploitation and from coastal and urban environment management and potential social and environmental risks.
    Within this framework UNEP will also conduct an assessment of the impact of the recent conflict in terms of economic, health and livelihood dependency on the environment and natural resources, and also assess how natural resources were involved in the outbreak, financing and fuelling of the conflicts.
  3. A series of maps illustrating land cover and land use for forestry, agricultural, urban, coastal and lagoon areas.
    For previous PCEAs carried out by UNEP please go here.