UNAI Quiz: SDG 7 – Affordable and Clean Energy

Access to electricity in poorer countries has begun to accelerate, energy efficiency continues to improve, and renewable energy is making impressive gains in the electricity sector. While the world has seen progress in making energy more sustainable and widely available, more attention is needed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy.  

Annual investments of around USD $35 billion could bring electricity access for people who currently lack it, and $25 billion a year can help people gain access to clean cooking between now and 2030. The required investment represents only a small fraction of the multi-trillion-dollar global energy investment needed overall, but would bring huge benefits to one-third of the world’s population. This quiz focuses on SDG7 to discuss why affordable and clean energy matters for all. 

Test your knowledge on SDG7 with our quiz!

Correct! Energy is the most important contributor to climate change. Currently, around 80 per cent of global energy and 66 per cent of electrical generation are supplied from fossil fuels, accounting for approximately 60 per cent of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions responsible for climate change. The clean energy transition has already begun in many countries, but despite the fast rate of technological innovation and cost reduction seen recently, renewable and energy efficiency technologies must still compete with highly subsidised carbon-intensive technologies.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Energy is the most important contributor to climate change. Currently, around 80 per cent of global energy and 66 per cent of electrical generation are supplied from fossil fuels, accounting for approximately 60 per cent of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions responsible for climate change. The clean energy transition has already begun in many countries, but despite the fast rate of technological innovation and cost reduction seen recently, renewable and energy efficiency technologies must still compete with highly subsidised carbon-intensive technologies.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. Energy is the most important contributor to climate change. Currently, around 80 per cent of global energy and 66 per cent of electrical generation are supplied from fossil fuels, accounting for approximately 60 per cent of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions responsible for climate change. The clean energy transition has already begun in many countries, but despite the fast rate of technological innovation and cost reduction seen recently, renewable and energy efficiency technologies must still compete with highly subsidised carbon-intensive technologies.

Correct! 9 out of 10 people now have access to electricity, but reaching the unserved 759 million around the world that lack access will require increased efforts. Under current and planned policies and further affected by the COVID-19 crisis, an estimated 660 million people would still lack access in 2030, most of them in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. 9 out of 10 people now have access to electricity, but reaching the unserved 759 million around the world that lack access will require increased efforts. Under current and planned policies and further affected by the COVID-19 crisis, an estimated 660 million people would still lack access in 2030, most of them in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Incorrect. The correct answer is B. 9 out of 10 people now have access to electricity, but reaching the unserved 759 million around the world that lack access will require increased efforts. Under current and planned policies and further affected by the COVID-19 crisis, an estimated 660 million people would still lack access in 2030, most of them in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Correct! According to the United Nations Environment Programme, modern bioenergy is the single largest renewable energy source today, providing 10 per cent of world primary energy supply. There is a broad consensus that renewable energy will play an increasingly important part in the world’s energy mix over the coming decades. The International Renewable Energy Agency predicts that the share of modern renewable energy in final energy supply would increase from about 10 per cent in 2020 to 28 per cent by 2030 and 66 per cent by 2050, under the best case scenario.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, modern bioenergy is the single largest renewable energy source today, providing 10 per cent of world primary energy supply. There is a broad consensus that renewable energy will play an increasingly important part in the world’s energy mix over the coming decades. The International Renewable Energy Agency predicts that the share of modern renewable energy in final energy supply would increase from about 10 per cent in 2020 to 28 per cent by 2030 and 66 per cent by 2050, under the best case scenario.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, modern bioenergy is the single largest renewable energy source today, providing 10 per cent of world primary energy supply. There is a broad consensus that renewable energy will play an increasingly important part in the world’s energy mix over the coming decades. The International Renewable Energy Agency predicts that the share of modern renewable energy in final energy supply would increase from about 10 per cent in 2020 to 28 per cent by 2030 and 66 per cent by 2050, under the best case scenario.

Correct! According to the latest Energy Progress Report, the global population without access to clean cooking solutions was 2.6 billion as of 2019. If clean cooking fails to secure a foothold in the global political agenda, 2.4 billion people will be left with no access in 2030, according to a scenario provided by the International Energy Agency. Continuing to rely on polluting fuels and inefficient technologies will have dramatic consequences for the environment, economic development, and on the health of women and children.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. According to the latest Energy Progress Report, the global population without access to clean cooking solutions was 2.6 billion as of 2019. If clean cooking fails to secure a foothold in the global political agenda, 2.4 billion people will be left with no access in 2030, according to a scenario provided by the International Energy Agency. Continuing to rely on polluting fuels and inefficient technologies will have dramatic consequences for the environment, economic development, and on the health of women and children.

Incorrect. The correct answer is C. According to the latest Energy Progress Report, the global population without access to clean cooking solutions was 2.6 billion as of 2019. If clean cooking fails to secure a foothold in the global political agenda, 2.4 billion people will be left with no access in 2030, according to a scenario provided by the International Energy Agency. Continuing to rely on polluting fuels and inefficient technologies will have dramatic consequences for the environment, economic development, and on the health of women and children.

Correct! India received the highest volume of international public financial flows during the 2010-2018 period, totalling USD $10.7 billion. Over time, commitments in India have transitioned from focusing on hydropower to solar energy, which reached an all-time peak investment of $1.5 billion in 2016. During the same period, top receiving countries were India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Argentina, and Turkey, together receiving 30 per cent of total financial flows.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. India received the highest volume of international public financial flows during the 2010-2018 period, totalling USD $10.7 billion. Over time, commitments in India have transitioned from focusing on hydropower to solar energy, which reached an all-time peak investment of $1.5 billion in 2016. During the same period, top receiving countries were India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Argentina, and Turkey, together receiving 30 per cent of total financial flows.

Incorrect. The correct answer is A. India received the highest volume of international public financial flows during the 2010-2018 period, totalling USD $10.7 billion. Over time, commitments in India have transitioned from focusing on hydropower to solar energy, which reached an all-time peak investment of $1.5 billion in 2016. During the same period, top receiving countries were India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Argentina, and Turkey, together receiving 30 per cent of total financial flows.

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