The relations between the Economic and Social Council and the Security Council are enshrined in the United Nations Charter. Article 65 states that “The Economic and Social Council may furnish information to the Security Council and shall assist the Security Council upon its request.” This provision was used in 1999 when ECOSOC established the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti , following an invitation made by the Security Council in its resolution 1212 (1998) to contribute to the elaboration of a long-term programme of support for Haiti. The Ad Hoc Advisory Group was reactivated in 2004 and continues to exist. Its reports, which contribute to the promotion of coherent and sustained development support to Haiti, are presented to ECOSOC on an annual basis. The Chair of the Ad Hoc Group has occasionally briefed the Security Council on Haiti.
Following the example of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Haiti and responding to a request made by the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council established Ad hoc Advisory Groups on Guinea-Bissau and Burundi - active from 2003 to 2006. These Groups, which promoted a comprehensive approach to peace and development in post conflict settings, prefigured the country specific configurations of the Peacebuilding Commission, for which they constituted an “avant garde”. The creation of these Groups led to enhanced interaction between ECOSOC and the Security Council, particularly its Ad Hoc Working Group Working Group on Conflict Prevention and Resolution in Africa.
In recent years, ECOSOC has followed the development situation in South Sudan since the country joined the community of nations and considers a report on the development support to the country on an annual basis.
Interaction between ECOSOC and the Security Council has also taken place through participation/briefings by the President of ECOSOC at the Security Council on issues related to economic and social aspects of conflict prevention and peacebuilding. Most recently, the ECOSOC President attended an open debate organized by the Security Council on “Strengthening multilateralism and the role of the UN” (9 November 2018).
- Open debate on strengthening multilateralism and the role of the UN
- Open debate on women, peace and security
- Open debate on Haiti
- Open debate on natural resources and conflict
- Open debate on security sector reform in post-conflict states
- Open debate on the role of civil society in post-conflict peacebuilding
- Debate on Complex crises and the United Nations responses
- Debate on the role of business in conflict prevention, peacekeeping and post-conflict peacebuilding
- Briefing on the situation in Burundi
- Private meeting on the situation in Guinea Bissau (18/11/2003)
“Sustainable development cannot be realized without peace and security; and peace and security will be at risk without sustainable development”
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
“We must also bring the humanitarian and development spheres closer together from the very beginning of a crisis to support affected communities, address structural and economic impacts and help prevent a new spiral of fragility and instability. Humanitarian response, sustainable development and sustaining peace are three sides of the same triangle”