A brief history
The Development Cooperation Forum is anchored in the notion of the global partnership for sustainable development set out in the Monterrey Consensus, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and the Millennium Declaration.
Global partnership for sustainable development
In the 2015 Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) on financing for sustainable development, Member States agreed to pursue the following efforts in the Development Cooperation Forum, taking account efforts in other global fora:
- Improve the quality, impact and effectiveness of development cooperation and other international efforts in public finance, including adherence to agreed development cooperation effectiveness principles;
- Align activities with national priorities, including by reducing fragmentation, accelerating the untying of aid, particularly for LDCs and countries most in need;
- Promote country ownership, results orientation and strengthen country systems, use programme-based approaches where appropriate, strengthen partnerships for development, reduce transaction costs, and increase transparency and mutual accountability; and
- Make development more effective and predicable by providing developing countries with regular and timely indicative information on planned support in the medium term.
Member States also agreed in AAAA to ensure that the deliberations of the Development Cooperation Forum, according to its mandate, will be taken into account in a dedicated and strengthened FfD follow-up process, including in the annual ECOSOC Financing for Development Forum.
In its resolution on format and organizational aspects of the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (A/RES/67/290), the General Assembly decided that the meetings of the High-level Political Forum (HLPF) under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council shall take into account the work of the Development Cooperation Forum.
Founding of the DCF
The Development Cooperation Forum was launched in 2007. In the 2005 World Summit outcome, global leaders agreed to create the DCF under ECOSOC in response to significant changes in development cooperation and the growing number of actors involved. The DCF was mandated to:
- Review trends in international development cooperation, including strategies, policies and financing;
- Promote greater coherence among the development activities of different development partners; and
- Strengthen normative and operational links in the work of the United Nations.
In 2006, the UN General Assembly further decided that the DCF will:
- Review trends and progress in international development cooperation, and give policy guidance and recommendations to promote more effective international development cooperation;
- Identify gaps and obstacles with a view to making recommendations on practical measures and policy options to enhance coherence and effectiveness, and to promote development cooperation for the realization of the internationally agreed development goals, including the MDGs;
- Provide a platform for Member States to exchange lessons learned and share experiences in formulating, supporting and implementing national development strategies; and
- In accordance with the Rules of Procedure, be open to participation by all stakeholders, including the organizations of the United Nations, the international financial and trade institutions, regional organizations, civil society and private sector representatives.