Background

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) has played an “avant-garde” role in developing mechanisms to respond to the problems faced by countries emerging from conflict to assist them on their path to development.

In 2002, the Council established the ECOSOC Ad Hoc Advisory Groups to help define long-term programmes of support for countries emerging from conflict and created two groups on Guinea-Bissau (created in October 2002) and on Burundi (created in July 2003). While the mandates of the two Groups have been terminated as the peacebuilding challenges of these countries are now being addressed by the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), the Council retains its role in providing advice to Haiti on a long-term development strategy to promote socio-economic recovery and stability through the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti.  

The first Advisory Group on Haiti was created in response to a request by the Security Council, using Article 65 of the United Nations Charter to request advice from ECOSOC. The Group was reconstituted in 2004 in response to the ongoing national development needs of Haiti. The Group is mandated to “follow closely and provide advice on the long-term development strategy of Haiti to promote socioeconomic recovery, reconstruction and stability, with particular attention to the need to ensure coherence and sustainability in international support for Haiti, based on the long-term national development priorities, building upon the Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti, and stressing the need to avoid overlap and duplication with respect to existing mechanisms”. 

The Economic and Social Council considers South Sudan under its agenda item "African Countries Emerging from Conflict" during its Management Segment (MS)  to promote a coherent and coordinated support to the country by the United Nations system. During the last two years, some of the UN organizations working in South Sudan contributed to the discussion on how the political and security crisis in the country has been affecting the development prospects and reversing the gains made in the first two years of independence.  

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, among others, recognizes the need to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. The inclusion of the issues related to "peaceful societies" in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has been an important step in enhancing the peace and development nexus. The peace and development nexus, however, is not exclusive to SDG16. Sustaining peace is critical for achieving all the sustainable development goals. The entire 2030 Agenda gives us a unique opportunity to address the root causes of conflicts and reversals into conflict.  A stronger peace and development nexus, therefore, is essential for achieving the SDGs.    

The Economic and Social Council and the Peacebuilding Commission have forged a working relationship between the respective Bureaux as well as the bodies themselves in recent years.  Joint meetings included events on “MDGs in countries emerging from conflict” in 2010; “Promoting durable peace and sustainable development in Sudan and South Sudan” in 2011; “Partnerships for job creation for young people in countries emerging from conflict” in 2012, "2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sustaining Peace" in 2016 and "the situation in the Sahel region" in 2017 and “Linkages between Climate Change and Challenges to Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace in the Sahel” in 2018.  Find out more on the joint meetings of ECOSOC and the PBC…

During its 2017 Operational Activities Segment, the Economic and Social Council held discussions on the development, humanitarian and peacebuilding nexus and the role of the UN development system in, inter alia, countries emerging from conflict.  The discussions emphasized that sustaining peace required a shift from coordinated to integrated approaches, and that political will could enable whole of system approach despite silos and operational barriers. In 2018, discussions were held under the theme “Advancing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in crisis contexts”, focusing on the linkages between humanitarian and development activities and the importance of promoting resilience through investments in inclusive and sustainable development.  Find out more on the Operational Activities Segment page  and the UN meetings coverage...