United Nations

A/RES/48/12


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 October 1993

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                 A/RES/48/12
                                                 42nd plenary meeting
                                                 28 October 1993
 
   Measures to strengthen international cooperation against the illicit
   production, sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and
               psychotropic substances and related activities
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Profoundly alarmed by the magnitude of the rising trend in drug abuse,
illicit production of and trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic
substances that threaten the health and well-being of millions of persons, in
particular the youth, in all the countries of the world,
 
      Deeply concerned by the growth of the drug problem which entails
increasing economic costs for those Governments which seek to combat it,
causes irreparable loss of human lives and threatens the economic, social and
political structures of the countries affected by acts of violence,
 
      Deeply alarmed by the growing violence and economic power of the
criminal organizations that engage in the production, trafficking and
distribution of drugs, arms and precursors and essential chemicals, which at
times place them beyond the reach of the law,
 
      Bearing in mind the provisions of its resolution 47/99 of 16 December
1992, in which it decided to hold four high-level plenary meetings to improve
international cooperation in the fight against drugs, in accordance with the
international treaties on drug control, the Comprehensive and
Multidisciplinary Outline of Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control adopted
by the International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, the
Global Programme of Action adopted at its seventeenth special session, on 23
February 1990, and other relevant documents,
 
      Reaffirming that action against drug abuse and illicit production of and
trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances should be accorded a
higher priority by Governments, the United Nations and all other relevant
national, regional and international organizations,
 
      Taking note of the existing drug conventions, the Global Programme of
Action and the United Nations System-Wide Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control,
which contain a sound and comprehensive framework for drug control activities
by States and all relevant international organizations, and stressing the need
for consistency in efforts to implement these instruments,
 
      Welcoming the efforts of the international community and the unflinching
commitment assumed at the highest level by heads of State and/or Government to
increase substantially efforts to achieve coordinated action and set
priorities in the international fight against abuse, illicit production and
trafficking in drugs,
 
      Convinced that, given the magnitude and the global nature of the drug
problem, it is indispensable for Governments to increase efforts in order to
intensify concerted action and international cooperation based on the
principle of shared responsibility,
 
      Acknowledging that there are obvious links, under certain circumstances,
between poverty and the increase in the illicit production of and trafficking
in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and that the promotion of the
economic development of countries affected by the illicit drug trade requires
appropriate measures, including strengthened international cooperation in
support for alternative development activities in the affected areas in those
countries,
 
      Acknowledging also the responsibility of Governments in alleviating
poverty, reducing the dependency of their citizens on narcotics and narcotics
production and enforcing legal measures against narcotics,
 
      Recognizing that the magnitude of the drug menace requires the
formulation of new strategies, approaches, objectives and enhanced
international cooperation that, respectful of the sovereignty of States, deal
more effectively with the international operations of those who get rich
through the illegal traffic in drugs, arms and precursors and essential
chemicals, threatening the stability of many societies in the world,
 
      1.    Renews its commitment further to strengthen international
cooperation and increase substantially efforts against the illicit production,
sale, demand, trafficking and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic
substances, based on the principle of shared responsibility and taking into
account experience gained;
 
      2.    Calls upon States that have not yet done so to ratify and to
implement fully all provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of
1961, and that Convention as amended by the 1972 Protocol, the Convention on
Psychotropic Substances of 1971, and the United Nations Convention against
Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988;
 
      3.    Calls upon all States to adopt adequate national laws and
regulations, to strengthen national judicial systems and to carry out
effective drug control activities in cooperation with other States in
compliance with those international instruments;
 
      4.    Underlines the role of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs as the
principal United Nations policy-making body on drug control issues;
 
      5.    Reaffirms the leadership role of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme as the main focus for concerted international action
for drug abuse control and as international coordinator of drug control
activities, especially within the United Nations system;
 
      6.    Calls upon States to take all necessary steps to implement the
recommendations contained in the Global Programme of Action at the national,
regional and international levels;
 
      7.    Reaffirms that the contribution of United Nations programmes and
agencies to the implementation of the Global Programme of Action should
continue to be coordinated in accordance with the United Nations System-Wide
Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control, and that States represented in the
governing bodies of the programmes and agencies concerned should ensure that
their agendas consistently reflect and accord adequate priority to drug
control activities;
 
      8.    Requests the Economic and Social Council at its coordination
segment in 1994 to examine the status of international cooperation within the
United Nations system against the illicit production, sale, demand,
trafficking and distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in
order to recommend ways and means to improve such cooperation and to report
thereon to the General Assembly at its forty-ninth session;
 
      9.    Requests the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, with the support of the
United Nations International Drug Control Programme and in cooperation with
the International Narcotics Control Board, to monitor and evaluate action at
the national and international level in implementing the international drug
control instruments, with a view to identifying areas of satisfactory progress
and weakness, and to recommend to the high-level segment of the Economic and
Social Council in 1995 appropriate adjustments of drug control activities
whenever required;
 
      10.   Requests the Commission on Narcotic Drugs and the Economic and
Social Council, with the assistance of the United Nations International Drug
Control Programme and the International Narcotics Control Board, to consider
and make recommendations on the following issues, on the basis of the
principle of shared responsibility and a balanced, comprehensive and
multidisciplinary approach, and without excluding any other aspects that could
be addressed:
 
      (a)   Reinforcement of policies and strategies for the prevention,
reduction and elimination of illicit demand, with particular emphasis on the
need for each Government to place a higher priority on treatment,
rehabilitation, information and educational campaigns to reduce demand;
 
      (b)   Consideration of ways to strengthen and enhance international
anti-drug cooperation in programmes of alternative development in order to
eliminate illicit drug production and trafficking within the framework of
sustainable development, with a view to improving living conditions and
contributing to the eradication of extreme poverty;
 
      (c)   Careful review of the different aspects of the problem and
recommendation to Governments of those areas in which updating and harmonizing
national laws and regulations may be appropriate;
 
      (d)   Strengthening of the international fight against international
criminal drug organizations, which pose serious threats to the efforts to
build and strengthen democracy, maintain sustainable economic growth and
protect the environment;
 
      (e)   Taking into account of the situation of transit and producing
countries and the crucial role they play in this struggle, with a view to
assisting their efforts;
 
      (f)   Strengthening of international cooperation to eradicate the
growing and dangerous links between terrorist groups, drug traffickers and
their paramilitary gangs and other armed criminal groups, which have resorted
to all types of violence, thus undermining the democratic institutions of
States and violating basic human rights;
 
      (g)   Examination of the question of penalties for offences related to
drug trafficking, including money laundering and traffic in arms, and making
recommendations thereon;
 
      (h)   Increasing of attention to implementing all provisions of the
United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, with special emphasis on targeting the profits and
money-laundering operations of drug traffickers, strengthening interdiction
procedures by land, sea and air and enforcing the control of precursors and
essential chemicals;
 
      (i)   Promotion and intensification of human resources development,
including the implementation of training programmes to deal with illicit
demand, supply and trafficking;
 
      (j)   Promotion and encouragement of the active involvement of
non-governmental organizations and the private sector in the various aspects
of the drug problem;
 
      (k)   Taking into consideration, in the course of their work, of the
recommendations contained in the final report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation by Member States of the Global Programme of Action;
 
      11.   Invites the Commission on Narcotic Drugs at its next session to
take the necessary measures to implement the present resolution, including
consideration of the convening of an ad hoc expert group to contribute to the
examination of the issues above and to the identification of concrete action-
oriented recommendations, and to report on its findings to the General
Assembly at its fiftieth session, through the Economic and Social Council.