United Nations

A/RES/47/37


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

25 November 1992

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



 
                                             A/RES/47/37
                                             73rd plenary meeting
                                             25 November 1992
 
 
          Protection of the environment in times of armed conflict
 
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Recognizing that the use of certain means and methods of warfare may
have dire effects on the environment,
 
      Recognizing also the importance of the provisions of international law
applicable to the protection of the environment in times of armed conflict
and, in particular, both the rules of universal applicability laid down in the
Hague Convention respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, of 18 October
1907, with the Regulations annexed thereto, and the Geneva Convention relative
to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, and
the applicable rules of the Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of
12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International
Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), of 1977, and of the Convention on the
Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification
Techniques, of 1976,
 
      Expressing its deep concern about environmental damage and depletion of
natural resources, including the destruction of hundreds of oil-well heads and
the release and waste of crude oil into the sea, during recent conflicts,
 
      Noting that existing provisions of international law prohibit such acts,
 
      Stressing that destruction of the environment, not justified by military
necessity and carried out wantonly, is clearly contrary to existing
international law,
 
      Concerned that the provisions of international law prohibiting such acts
may not be widely disseminated and applied,
 
      Noting the work on environmental protection carried out within the
United Nations system and at meetings and symposia on the subject,
 
      Taking note of the Final Declaration of the Second Review Conference of
the Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other
Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques,
 
      Taking note also of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development,
adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development at Rio
de Janeiro on 14 June 1992, in particular principle 24 thereof, and other
relevant decisions of the Conference,
 
      Expressing its appreciation for the report of the Secretary-General
submitted pursuant to General Assembly decision 46/417 of 9 December 1991,
 
      Welcoming the activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross
in this field, including plans to continue its consultation of experts with an
enlarged basis of participation and its readiness to prepare a handbook of
model guidelines for military manuals,
 
      1.    Urges States to take all measures to ensure compliance with the
existing international law applicable to the protection of the environment in
times of armed conflict;
 
      2.    Appeals to all States that have not yet done so to consider
becoming parties to the relevant international conventions;
 
      3.    Urges States to take steps to incorporate the provisions of
international law applicable to the protection of the environment into their
military manuals and to ensure that they are effectively disseminated;
 
      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to invite the International
Committee of the Red Cross to report on activities undertaken by the Committee
and other relevant bodies with regard to the protection of the environment in
times of armed conflict, and to submit to the General Assembly at its
forty-eighth session, under the item entitled "United Nations Decade of
International Law", a report on activities reported by the Committee.