United Nations

A/RES/41/23


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

31 October 1987

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/41/23
                                                       31 October 1987
                                                       52nd plenary meeting
 
                      Question of American Samoa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having considered the question of American Samoa,
 
     Having examined the relevant chapters of the report of the Special
Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
 
     Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
and all other resolutions and decisions of the United Nations relating to
American Samoa, including in particular its resolution 40/41 of
2 December 1985,
 
     Taking into account the statement of the representative of the
administering Power relating to American Samoa,
 
     Conscious of the need to promote progress towards the full implementation
of the Declaration in respect of American Samoa,
 
     Noting with appreciation the continued participation of the United States
of America, as the administering Power, in the work of the Special Committee
in regard to American Samoa, thereby enabling it to conduct a more informed
and meaningful examination of the situation in the Territory,
 
     Noting that a constitutional convention to consider amendments to the
present Constitution was held from 30 June to 11 July 1986 and that proposals
adopted would be put to the voters for approval in November 1986,
 
     Aware of the special circumstances of the geographical location and
economic conditions of the Territory and bearing in mind the necessity of
diversifying and strengthening further its economy as a matter of priority in
order to promote economic stability,
 
     Recalling the dispatch in 1981 of a United Nations visiting mission to
the Territory,
 
     Mindful that United Nations visiting missions provide an effective means
of ascertaining the situation in the small Territories and considering that
the possibility of sending a further visiting mission to American Samoa at an
appropriate time should be kept under review,
 
     1.   Approves the chapter of the report of the Special Committee on the
Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting
of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples relating to American Samoa;
 
     2.   Reaffirms the inalienable right of the people of American Samoa to
self-determination and independence in conformity with the Declaration on the
Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, contained in
General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV);
 
     3.   Reiterates the view that such factors as territorial size,
geographical location, size of population and limited natural resources should
in no way delay the speedy exercise by the people of the Territory of their
inalienable right to self-determination and independence in conformity with
the Declaration, which fully applies to American Samoa;
 
     4.   Calls upon the Government of the United States of America, as the
administering Power, to take all necessary steps, taking into account the
rights, interests and wishes of the people of American Samoa as expressed
freely in conditions leading to real self-determination, to expedite the
process of decolonization of the Territory in accordance with the relevant
provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the Declaration and
reaffirms the importance of fostering an awareness among the people of
American Samoa of the possibilities open to them in the exercise of their
right to self-determination and independence;
 
     5.   Notes that, pursuant to an act of Congress, the United States
Secretary of the Interior is no longer authorized to make changes unilaterally
in the Constitution of American Samoa and that the people of the Territory are
the final ratifying authority over the Constitution;
 
     6.   Calls upon the administering Power to respond favourably to the
request of the Samoan people to appoint the Chief Justice and other members of
the judiciary of the Territory themselves;
 
     7.   Reaffirms the responsibility of the administering Power, under the
Charter, to promote the economic and social development of American Samoa and
calls upon the administering Power to intensify its efforts to strengthen and
diversify the economy of the Territory and to make it more viable in order to
reduce its heavy economic and financial dependence on the United States and to
create employment opportunities for the people of the Territory;
 
     8.   Expresses the hope that the development planning process initiated
by the first five-year development plan will be continued and strengthened;
 
     9.   Urges the administering Power, in co-operation with the territorial
Government, to safeguard the inalienable right of the people of the Territory
to the enjoyment of their natural resources by taking effective measures to
ensure their right to own and dispose of those resources and to establish and
maintain control of their future development with a view to creating
conditions for a balanced, diversified and viable economy;
 
     10.  Urges the administering Power to continue to facilitate close
relations and co-operation between the peoples of American Samoa and the
neighbouring island communities and between the territorial Government and the
regional institutions in order to enhance further the economic and social
welfare of the people of the Territory;
 
     11.  Requests the Special Committee to continue the examination of this
question at its next session, including the dispatch of a further visiting
mission to American Samoa at an appropriate time and in consultation with the
administering Power, taking into account, in particular, the wishes of the
people of the Territory, and to report thereon to the General Assembly at its
forty-second session.