United Nations

A/52/153  - S/1997/384

General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 May 1997



GENERAL ASSEMBLY                                          SECURITY COUNCIL
Fifty-second session                                      Fifty-second year
Items 20, 64, 71, 81, 88 and 99
  of the preliminary list*

     * A/52/50.

          Letter dated 15 May 1997 from the Permanent Representatives
          of China and the Russian Federation to the United Nations  
                      addressed to the Secretary-General

     We have the honour to transmit herewith the text of the
Russian-Chinese Joint Declaration on a Multipolar World and the
Establishment of a New International Order, adopted in Moscow on 23
April 1997 during the State visit of the President of the Chinese
People's Republic to the Russian Federation (see annex).

     We should be grateful if you would have the text of this
letter and its annex circulated as a document of the General
Assembly, under items 20, 64, 71, 81, 88 and 99 of the preliminary
list, and of the Security Council.

     (Signed)  S. LAVROV                  (Signed)  WANG Xuexian              
              Ambassador                             Ambassador               
       Permanent Representative           Acting Permanent Representative     
       of the Russian Federation            of the People's Republic of       
         to the United Nations              China to the United Nations       


        Russian-Chinese Joint Declaration on a Multipolar World and the
        Establishment of a New International Order, adopted in Moscow  
                               on 23 April 1997

     The Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China
(hereinafter referred to as "the Parties"), desiring to develop a
partnership based on equality and mutual trust for the purpose of
strategic interaction in the twenty-first century, and considering the
responsibility to the international community, that they bear as
permanent members of the Security Council and also considering their
common approaches to major international issues, declare the

1.   In a spirit of partnership, the Parties shall strive to promote
the multipolarization of the world and the establishment of a new
international order.

     The Parties believe that profound changes in international
relations have taken place at the end of the twentieth century.  The
cold war is over.  The bipolar system has vanished.  A positive trend
towards a multipolar world is gaining momentum, and relations between
major States, including former cold-war adversaries, are changing. 
Regional economic cooperation organizations are showing considerable
vitality.  Diversity in the political, economic and cultural
development of all countries is becoming the norm, and the role played
by the forces in favour of peace and broad-based international
cooperation is expanding.  A growing number of countries are beginning
to recognize the need for mutual respect, equality and mutual
advantage - but not for hegemony and power politics - and for dialogue
and cooperation - but not for confrontation and conflict.  The
establishment of a peaceful, stable, just and rational new
international political and economic order is becoming a pressing need
of the times and an imperative of historical development.

2.   The Parties are in favour of making mutual respect for sovereignty
and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in
each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual advantage, peaceful
coexistence and other universally recognized principles of
international law the fundamental norm for conducting relations
between States and the basis for a new international order.

     Every country has the right independently to choose its path of
development in the light of its own specific conditions and without
interference from other States.  Differences in their social systems,
ideologies and value systems must not become an obstacle to the
development of normal relations between States.

     All countries, large or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are
equal members of the international community.  No country should seek
hegemony, engage in power politics or monopolize international

     The Parties believe that the renunciation of discriminatory
policies and practices in economic relations, and the strengthening
and expansion of trade, economic, scientific, technical and
humanitarian exchanges and cooperation on the basis of equality and
mutual advantage will promote their common development and prosperity.

3.   The Parties are in favour of establishing a new and universally
applicable concept of security.  They believe that the cold-war
mentality must be abandoned and they oppose bloc politics. 
Differences and disputes between countries must be settled by peaceful
means, without resorting to the use or threat of force.  Dialogue and
consultations must be pursued with a view to promoting mutual
understanding and confidence, and peace and security must be sought
through bilateral and multilateral coordination and cooperation.

     The Parties are of the view that the Commonwealth of Independent
States is an important factor in ensuring stability and development in
Eurasia.  They stress that the Agreement between the Russian
Federation, the Republic of Kazakstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the
Republic of Tajikistan and the People's Republic of China on
confidence-building in the military field in the border area, as well
as the Agreement on the mutual reduction of their armed forces in the
border area are of great importance and can serve as a model for the
achievement of regional peace, security and stability in the
post-cold-war era.

     The Parties intend to facilitate the disarmament process and
emphasize the importance of signing the comprehensive nuclear-test-ban
treaty and implementing the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons.  The Parties express concern at attempts to enlarge and
strengthen military blocs, since this trend can pose a threat to the
security of individual countries and aggravate tension on a regional
and global scale.

4.   The Parties are of the view that the role of the United Nations
and the Security Council must be strengthened, and they highly
appreciate United Nations efforts to maintain world peace and
security.  They believe that the United Nations, as the most universal
and authoritative organization of sovereign States, has a place and
role in the world that cannot be supplanted by any other international
organization.  The Parties are confident that the United Nations will
play an important role in the establishment and maintenance of the new
international order.

     United Nations peacekeeping efforts should focus on the prevention
of conflicts or their escalation.  Peacekeeping operations can be
conducted only on the basis of a Security Council decision and only
with the consent of the countries concerned, in strict compliance with
the mandate issued by the Security Council and under the Council's

     Whenever the Security Council, in accordance with the Charter of
the United Nations, adopts a resolution on the use of sanctions, the
damage caused by the imposition of such sanctions, as well as damage
to third countries and neighbouring regions, must be kept to a
minimum.  The sanctions themselves must be eased and lifted in due
course in the light of the implementation of Security Council

     The Parties express their readiness to cooperate closely with the
United Nations and its specialized agencies and to strive to improve
the effectiveness of the United Nations activities.  The Parties
intend to hold regular consultations on matters relating to the work
of the Organization and to coordinate their actions in this area in
the light of prevailing circumstances.

5.   The Parties stress that numerous developing countries and the
Movement of Non-Aligned Countries are an important force that promotes
multipolarization  and the establishment of a new international order. 
Interaction among developing countries is gaining momentum.  Their
role in international politics is growing, and their share in the
world economy is increasing.  The rise of the developing countries
will provide a powerful impetus for the historical process of
establishing a new international order.  These countries should take
their rightful place in the future new international order and
participate in international affairs on an equal and
non-discriminatory basis.

6.   The Parties note with satisfaction that the establishment and
development of a Russian-Chinese partnership based on equality and
mutual trust for the purpose of strategic interaction in the
twenty-first century is in keeping with the development of the
international situation and international relations in the
post-cold-war era, fully meets the vital interests of the peoples of
the two countries and is conducive to peace and security in the Asia-
Pacific region and the world as a whole.

     As permanent members of the Security Council, the Russian
Federation and China, adhering to the principles of partnership,
good-neighbourliness and friendship, equality and trust and mutually
advantageous cooperation, and in strictly abiding by the principles of
international law, are forging a new type of long-term inter-State
relations that are not directed against third countries.  This
provides important practical experience for the establishment of a new
international order.

     The Parties intend to make active use of and strengthen the
existing system of summit meetings and high-level contacts.  Their
heads of State, heads of Government and Ministers for Foreign Affairs
meet regularly to exchange views on bilateral relations and major
international issues.

     Guided by a sense of their historical responsibility for world
peace and development and for the future of mankind, the Parties are
strengthening coordination and cooperation in international affairs. 
The two countries are making efforts to ensure friendly coexistence
and cooperation on an equal footing with all other States and are
making their due contribution to the strengthening of world peace and
the common progress of mankind.

7.   Mankind is on the threshold of a new era.  The peoples of all
countries are faced with the increasingly urgent question of the kind
of international order they will live under in the next century.  The
Parties call on all countries to engage in an active dialogue on the
establishment of a peaceful, stable, just and rational new
international order, and they are prepared to take part in a joint
discussion of any constructive proposals to this end.


        (Signed)  B. YELTSIN                      (Signed)  JIANG Zemin       


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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:05:30
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