Who is using the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines?
The International Ammunition Technical Guidelines are being used to support ammunition stockpile management efforts in 86 countries world-wide:
UN Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC)...
UNLIREC supports Latin American and Caribbean States on ammunition stockpile management using the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines.The IATGs are cross-cutting issues of the wider technical assistance provided by UNLIREC to Latin American and Caribbean States in the areas of stockpile management training, assessments of ammunition facilities and support to ammunition destructions.
- UNLIREC presentation in Mexico (awareness raising)
- UNLIREC destruction in Dominican Republic
- Physical security and stockpile management in the Dominican Republic
- Dominican Republic
- Firearms assistance package for Andean States: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
- Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama
- The Bahamas
- Honduras (with UNDP)
Department of Peacekeeping Operations / UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS)...
UNMAS Weapon and Ammunition Management (WAM) projects utilizing the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines have been established, sometimes as an integral part of existing Mine Action programmes, in a number of countries, including Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Libya, Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Republic of the Congo, and the Seychelles.
UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa (UNREC)
UNREC uses the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines to support and build the capacity of national authorities of Liberia, Nigeria, Togo and East and South African States for safer and more secure ammunition management.
UN Development Programme (UNDP)
Together with UNODA, UNDP Kosovo held a two week course in November 2014 in on the implementation of the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines in the Ministry of Internal Affairs for students from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Kosovo Police, Kosovo Correctional Services, Kosovo Police Inspectorate, Kosovo Customs, Kosovo Forest Agency, Kosovo Intelligence Agency and Kosovo Security Force.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina: The Ministry of Defence amended their ammunition stockpile management regulations so that they are now in line with the safety standards presented in the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines
UNIDIR is undertaking a project to develop a package of tools under one interface—known as the International Small Arms and Ammunition Guidance Platform (ISAP)—designed to collect, organize and assess implementation efforts based on targeted guidance on International Ammunition Technical Guidelines and the International Arms Control Standards (ISACS) in response to users’ information feed.
Supported by UNIDIR, the United Nations United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), the UN Development Programme, UN Mine Action Service and other partners, the UN is working to support the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) to implement international standards such as the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines.
International and Regional Organizations and other groups of States
Centre for Security Cooperation (RACVIAC)
The 8th Workshop of the South East Europe Regional Approach to Stockpile Reduction (RASR) Initiative in Split, Croatia (21 May 2015) focused on discussions related to issues concerning weapons and ammunition stockpiles in RASR countries with the central topic: "Review of progress made and persisting PSSM challenges" including the implementation of the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines
The European Union has supported efforts not only for the development and completion of the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines but also the implementation of the Guidelines in Africa and Latin America.
Multinational Small Arms and Ammunition Group (MSAG)
The purpose of the Multinational Small Arms and Ammunition Group is to build capacity on physical security and stockpile management, exchange best practices with regards to Small Arms and Light Weapons and Conventional Ammunition, applying the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines and other standards in its work around the world.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
NATO promotes the use of the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines, highlighting its three-tiered progressive approach which allows states to improve their stockpile security incrementally, so governments can progressively implement higher standards over time.
Organization of American States (OAS)
The Organization of American States approves Draft Model Legislation And Commentaries On Security Measures To Eliminate Loss Or Diversion Of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, And Other Related Materials which draws on the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines.(Approved by the Group of Experts on May 5, 2014).
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
In Ukraine, from 50,000 to 100,000 explosive items are detected each year on average. They represent primarily the legacy of World War II. From 29 to 31 October 2013, OSCE held a workshop to helps Ukrainian demining experts to learn safe clearance standards including by using the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines.
Some 40 military and civilian experts from Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Slovenia, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, the United Kingdom and the United States discussed best practices in demilitarization, transportation, stockpile management and destruction of conventional ammunition and International Ammunition Technical Guidelines.
Non-Govermental Organizations and Research Institutes
Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) - Starter Guide
The Bonn International Center for Conversion, supported by the German Foreign Office, developed a Starter Guide to support the improved control of small arms, light weapons (SALW) and conventional ammunition in Least Developed Countries using international standards such as the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines.
Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining
GICHD uses the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines to carry out Ammunition Safety Management and has developed several tools based on the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines including a PSSM app available on iTunes.
Golden West Humanitarian Foundation (Golden West)
The Halo Trust
HALO Trust, contracted by the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS), provides a PSSM programme in Côte d’Ivoire together with UNOCI using the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines.
Handicap International (HI)
As no national regulations were in place, standard operating procedures (SOP) based on prevailing international standards including the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines were drafted and included specific procedures for destroying man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and for cutting weapons. These documents were approved by the government of Mauritania on 1 June 2011.
ITF Enhancing Human Security
ITF Enhancing Human Security together with its partners addresses the threats posed by improperly stored ammunition through physical security and stockpile management, ensuring safe storage conditions and thus preventing unplanned explosions and illicit proliferation. In addition, through the destruction of weapons surplus, ITF assists local governments in lowering their stockpiles. Through a sustainable approach, ITF’s programs include professional training, transferring knowledge and expertise to the local capacities, and hence enable ensuring safe stockpile management and surplus reduction in the long term. The International Ammunition Technical Guidelines are always used as the framework for ITF’s work in this field.
Mines Advisory Group (MAG)
Mines Advisory Group (MAG) uses the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines to provide a range of technical assistance to states, including Burundi, Libya, ROC, and South Sudan, seeking to prevent UEMS. Assistance typically takes the form of storage-facility assessments and training-needs assessments for munitions-storage managers and supervising officers. Assessments also identify surplus and obsolete stocks, inform subsequent training programs and lead to the relocation or physical rehabilitation of facilities. National buy-in for the program is essential, as is local capacity building.
MAG also convened a two-day workshop in Dakar, Senegal in February 2015, focussing on stockpile management and diversion in the Sahel and West Africa, recommending that the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines are best practice that can be used to inform the development of national standards and approaches to bridge the gap between international commitments and practical implementation.
Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) Humanitarian Disarmament
NPA uses the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines as a framework when providing assistance to States under its Arms Management and Destruction Pillar.Work under this pillar ranges from-- 1. Survey and Risk Assessments through which NPA develops operational responses that are country-specific and anchored in national ownership; 2. Operational (Preventive) Responses to prevent unplanned explosions at munition sites (UEMS) and also includes stockpile destruction operations- mines, cluster munitions and surplus ammunition (focus on self-help approaches); Physical Security and Stockpile Management, training and capacity-building and explosive stores construction/refurbishment; 3. Explosive ordance disposal and clearance of UEMS, including development of rapid-response clearance capacity. .
The International Ammunition Technical Guidelines is being used to support disaster relief efforts and first responders by helping experts to address the physical risk posed to individuals and communities from the presence of abandoned, damaged or inappropriately stored and managed stockpiles of ammunition and explosives.
Responsibility to Protect
In the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document, States made the historic acknowledgment that they had a Responsibility to Protect (RtoP, R2P) populations from mass atrocities (genocide, warcrimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing). The International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect highlights the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines as a tool to help protect populations from ammunition stockpile explosions, which have killed thousands in more than 60 countries over the last decade.
Small Arms Survey
The Small Arms Survey website hosts a resources section on Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS) with an interactive map of UEMS incidents (1979-2016), data on UEMS by country and by year, and various tools and publications on the UEMS issue. Data is retroactively added or ammended as new, credible information is covered.
Among the tools, the Small Arms Survey's Physical Security and Stockpile Management (PSSM) best-practice cards are designed and distributed to promote better understanding of the importance of stockpile management and are now harmonized with the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines. The UN SaferGuard Programme also supports Small Arms Survey's Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites Incident Reporting Template. The cards and the reporting template are available in many languages.
Publications on UEMS include two Handbooks entitled: Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS): Excess Stockpiles as Liabilities rathan than Assets; Life-Cycle Management of Ammunition: Safety, Security, Sustainability (forthcoming); a case study on Life-Cycle Management in Bosnia and Herzegovina (forthcoming); as well as other shorter outputs available in various languages.
Security Council Sanctions Committee Panel of Experts
Security Council Panel of Experts on the Sudan
The Security Council Panel of Experts on the Sudan recommends to the Security Council that: (a) The Government of the Sudan be urged to ensure that the measures it implements for the physical security and stockpile management of its weapons and ammunition are fully in accordance with the guidance provided in the International Small Arms Control Standards, standard 05.20 (Stockpile management — weapons), and in the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines, guidelines 03.10 (Inventory management) and 09.10 (Security principles and systems);
*S/2015/31 (19 January 2015)
Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons
The Peace Operations Training Institute of Peru (CECOPAZ) held an Advanced Course on Regional Administration ammunition depots using International Ammunition Technical Guidelines 24-28 March 2014 Conducted in the premises of the Joint Training Center for Peacekeeping Operations, CECOPAZ from 24 to 28 March 2014. The workshop is organized by the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs in cooperation with the Government of Paraguay and CECOPAZ. The workshop was funded by the European Union.
Peace Operations Training Institute
- Several companies offering expertise on ammunition stockpile management rely on the INTERNATIONAL AMMUNITION TECHNICAL GUIDELINES
Explosive Capabilities Ltd.
The International Ammunition Technical Guidelines provides “Clear, practical and comprehensive guidance to practitioners and policy makers”
European Union Statement at BMS5
The East African Community recommended that States “apply International Ammunition Technical Guidelines and International Small Arms Control Standards, which provide practical guidance on stockpile management, marking, record-keeping and tracing”
EAC Statement at the Fifth Biennial Meeting of States on the Programme of Action on small arms and light weapons (2014)
“There is a significant body of good practice and global guiding frameworks, particularly the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines”
Mines Advisory Group (MAG) on stockpile management and diversion in the Sahel and West Africa