Background on LAWS in the CCW

Information on the meetings of the GGE on LAWS and all relevant documents are available on the ODA Meetings Place.

Background on the Group of Governmental Experts (GGE)

  • In 2013, the CCW Meeting of High Contracting Parties decided that the Chairperson will convene in 2014 an informal Meeting of Experts to discuss the questions related to emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS).
  • In 2014, the first informal Meeting of Experts was held and chaired by Ambassador Simon-Michel of France. A further two informal Meetings of Experts were held in 2015 and 2016 and chaired by Ambassador Michael Biontino of Germany.
  • In 2016, at the Fifth CCW Review Conference, presided over by Ambassador Tehmina Janjua of Pakistan, High Contracting Parties decided to establish a Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on LAWS to meet  for the first time in 2017 with a mandate to assess questions related to emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems.
  • At the recommendation of the 2019 GGE on LAWS, 11 guiding principles were adopted by the 2019 Meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the CCW (CCW/MSP/2019/9-Annex III).

11 Guiding Principles on LAWS

Relevant publications

UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR)

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

International Committee of the Red Cross

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