Background on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems

The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots

Potentially LAWS could identify and attack a target without human intervention. This issue was first brought to the international community’s attention by Human Rights Watch in its report titledLosing Humanity: The Case Against Killer Robots. The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots as part of its advocacy on LAWS produced this short film explaining the background to LAWS and work being undertaken within the United Nations and civil society.

Background documents on lethal autonomous weapons

American Society of International Law – Panel on Autonomous Weaponry and Armed Conflict

ARKIN, Ronald – Lethal Autonomous Systems and the Plight of the Non-combatant

ASARO, Peter – On banning autonomous weapon systems: human rights, automation, and the dehumanization of lethal decision-making

ANDERSON, Kenneth and WAXMAN, Matthew – Law and Ethics for Autonomous Weapons Systems: Why a Ban Won’t Work and How the Laws of War Can

HEYNS, Christof – Report on Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions (focusing on lethal autonomous weapons systems)

International Committee of the Red Cross – Report of the ICRC meeting on autonomous weapon systems, 26 – 28 March 2014

International Institute of Humanitarian Law – International Humanitarian Law and New Weapon Technologies

MARCHANT, Gary; ALLENBY, Braden; ARKIN, Ronald; BARRETT, Edward; BORENSTEIN, Jason; GAUDET, Lyn; KITTERIE, Orde; LIN, Patrick; LUCAS, George; O’MEARA, Richard; and SILBERMAN, Jared – International Governance of Autonomous Military Robots (from The Colombia, Science and Technology Law Review)

MARSH, Nicholas (2014) Defining the Scope of Autonomy, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

LIN, Patrick; BEKEY, George; and ABNEY, Keith – Autonomous Military Robotics: Risk, Ethics, and Design

SHARKEY, Noel – The evitability of autonomous robots warfare

SHARKEY, Noel – Towards a principle for the human supervisory control of robot weapons

SHARKEY, Noel – Weapons of Indiscriminate Lethality

SCHMITT, Michael Autonomous Weapon Systems and International Humanitarian Law: A Reply to the Critics

MELZER, Nils – Human Rights Implications of the Usage of Drones and Unmanned Robots in Warfare – Legal Study and Policy Advice. Brussels: European Union Parliament, 2013

UNIDIR – Framing Discussions on the Weaponization of Increasingly Autonomous Technologies