Armed conflicts are increasingly fought in population centres – but often with weapon systems that are designed for open battlefields. When used in populated areas, explosive weapons are very likely to have indiscriminate effects. Up to 90% of those killed and injured in such situations there are civilians. Many more are affected when social, commercial, infrastructural, cultural, educational, religious and health-care facilities are shattered.
Parties in armed conflict must always give due weight to the reasonably foreseeable reverberating effects of using bombs, missiles, mortars, rockets, artillery and other explosive weaponry – certainly also in populated areas.
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