History made as UN Conference adopts landmark migration compact
On 10 December 2018, over 160 countries adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration during a two-day intergovernmental conference, held in Marrakesh, Morocco. Grounded in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Global Compact took more than two years to prepare, including negotiations, thematic and regional consultations as well as hearings with civil society, the private sector, diaspora groups and academics.
The Global Compact’s 23 objectives reflect a unique, 360-degree approach to migration, focusing on conditions in origin countries, preparations for departure, the migration process, border management, conditions in destination countries, contributions of migrants to development and migrant return and reintegration. The Global Compact prioritizes the collection and use of data as a basis for evidence-based policies and considers international cooperation as a cross-cutting issue.
The conference also included two dialogues, on action on the Global Compact commitments and on partnerships and innovative initiatives. On the eve of the conference, Secretary-General António Guterres announced the creation of the United Nations network on migration, which, under the leadership of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), will leverage all relevant entities of the UN system to support Member States in implementing the Compact.
Following endorsement of the Global Compact by the General Assembly on 19 December, implementation will take centre stage. The Global Compact establishes a capacity building mechanism with three elements: a “connection hub” to process requests for implementation, a start-up fund providing seed funding for specific projects, and a knowledge platform to serve as repository for data, evidence and good practices.
The Global Compact invites countries to prepare national implementation plans, which will be reviewed every four years at the regional level, starting in 2020. At the global level, Member States will assess progress every four years at the International Migration Review Forum, starting 2022.
For more information: Intergovernmental Conference on the Global Compact for Migration