Highlights Vol 24, No. 04 - April 2020

Everyone included: protecting vulnerable groups in times of a global pandemic

The world is at war with an invisible and deadly enemy: COVID-19. As the virus ravages across the globe, it causes serious illness, death and it disrupts life as we know it. “The virus does not care about ethnicity or nationality, faction or faith.  It attacks all, relentlessly. The most vulnerable – women and children, people with disabilities, the marginalized and the displaced – pay the highest price,” UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a recent video briefing on the global pandemic.

The COVID-19 outbreak affects all segments of the population and is particularly detrimental to members of those social groups in the most vulnerable situations, including older persons, persons with disabilities, youth and indigenous peoples. The social crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, could further spur inequality, discrimination and unemployment around the globe.

How can we prevent this from happening? How can we protect vulnerable groups during this global pandemic? Here, our team in UN DESA’s Division for Inclusive Social Development gives updates and share actions to protect vulnerable people.

Older persons and COVID-19

Although social distancing is necessary to reduce the spread of the disease, if not implemented correctly, such measures can also lead to increased social isolation of older persons at a time when they may be at most need of support.

The discourse around COVID-19, perceived as a disease of older people, aggravates negative stereotypes about older persons. Such age-based discrimination may manifest itself in the provision of services, particularly where doctors and nurses must make difficult decisions regarding how to allocate too scarce resources, such as respirators. In such instances the treatment of older persons may be perceived to have less value than the treatment of younger generations.

Persons with disabilities and COVID-19

In countries around the world, persons with disabilities are disproportionately likely to experience poverty and to face challenges in accessing health-care services, education, employment, and other essential services, due to lack of availability, accessibility, affordability, as well as stigma and discrimination.

To ensure that persons with disabilities are able to access to information on COVID-19, it must be made available in accessible formats, including Braille, large print, and text captioning of videos for the hearing impaired.

Healthcare buildings must also be physically accessible to persons with mobility, sensory and cognitive impairments. Moreover, persons with disabilities must not be prevented from accessing the health services they need in times of emergency due to any financial barriers.

Youth and COVID-19

In terms of employment, youth are normally disproportionately unemployed, and those who are employed often work in the informal economy or gig economy, on precarious contracts or in service sectors that are likely to be severely affected by COVID-19.

Currently, more than one billion youth are no longer physically in school after the closure of schools and universities across many countries. The disruption in education and learning could have medium and long-term consequences on the quality of education. At the same time, efforts by teachers, school administrations, local and national governments to cope with these unprecedented circumstances should be recognized.

Many vulnerable young persons, such as migrants or homeless youth are in precarious situations. They are the ones who can easily be overlooked if governments do not pay specific attention, as they tend to be already in a situation without even their minimum requirement for support being met on health, education, employment and well-being.

Indigenous peoples and COVID-19

Indigenous peoples are particularly vulnerable due to their almost universally lower life expectancy and health status compared to that of the general population and owing to the lack of access to healthcare. In some parts of the world, indigenous peoples are not registered at birth, and therefore do not have legal access to free healthcare.

The first point of prevention is dissemination of information in indigenous languages that will ensure that all people are reached and informed of the current situation and how to stay protected.

Five key actions to protect vulnerable people against COVID-19

  • Provide social protection and economic relief to people who are severely affected by COVID-19;
  • Make public health communication, particularly information on COVID-19 accessible to all;
  • Ensure that public health communication messages are respectful and non-discriminatory;
  • Promote new technologies and digital tools to support people in isolation;
  • Ensure that COVID-19 emergency and mitigation measures are inclusive.

“A society’s overall health depends on the health of its poorest people,” stressed UN DESA Head, Liu Zhenmin, in a message on the COVID-19 pandemic.

We need solidarity, political will and innovative policy action to protect vulnerable people and their well-being, and uphold the right to health, including access to information, care and medical services.

When everyone is included, everyone benefits.

For more information:

UN DESA’s Division for Inclusive Social Development

New UN DESA web portal on COVID-19

Photo: Unsplash/Macao Photo Agency

 

Financing for Sustainable Development Report: COVID-19 poses risk to achieving the SDGs

With the global economy reeling from the fall out of the novel coronavirus pandemic, the 2020 Financing for Sustainable Development Report (FSDR), which will be launched on 8 April 2020, aims to give governments the necessary tools for achieving the Global Goals, even in times of a global health crisis.

The report finds that already tepid economic growth is expected to slow markedly in 2020, with high risk of a global recession. The economic and financial shocks associated with COVID-19 – including disruptions to industrial production, rising insecurity, job losses, and financial market volatility – are compounding existing risks and derailing implementation of the SDGs.

Amid these destabilizing trends, the FSDR finds that there was a backsliding in key action areas even prior to the pandemic outbreak: decline in Official Development Assistance (ODA) (4.3 per cent overall and 2.1 per cent towards LDCs in 2018); rise in debt risks with 44 per cent of LDCs; increasing trade restrictions; and growing financial risks over an extended period of low interest rates.

The report recommends immediate and longer-term actions, including:

  • The global community must take concerted, forceful, and swift action to mitigate the impact of COVID-19, maintain economic and financial stability, promote trade and stimulate growth. This includes helping countries with weak health and fiscal systems, including through technical support.
  • Donors should immediately reverse the decline in ODA, particularly to LDCs;
  • The international community should immediately suspend debt payments from least developed countries that request forbearance. Official bilateral creditors must lead, and others should consider similar steps or equivalent ways to provide new finance.
  • Regulators should discourage over-leverage in the private sector if debts contracted are not intended for productive investments but only for increasing shareholder returns.

The FSDR identifies two medium-term accelerators to help reverse the backward trend:  leveraging digital finance, the topic of this year’s thematic chapter, and developing tools to foster greater private sector resources for sustainable financing.

In the light of the restrictions due to COVID-19, the 2020 SDG Investment Fair has been cancelled and the fate of the 2020 Financing for Development Forum is still to be decided. However, the FSDR will serve as the basis of the Forum’s negotiated outcome, moving the work to finance the SDGs forward.

Unique in the constellation of UN publications, the FSDR is a joint product of the Inter-agency Task Force on Financing for Development, which is comprised of more than 60 UN agencies and international organizations, chaired by Under-Secretary-General Liu Zhenmin of UN DESA.

The full copy of the report and the annex will be available here.

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