Expert group meeting on social and economic implication of changing population age structures

Mexico City

31 August 2005 to 02 September 2005


The Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA), in collaboration with the Consejo Nacional de Población (CONAPO) of Mexico and with the support of the National Institute of Aging (NIA) of the United States, organized an expert group meeting on the social and economic implications of changing population age structures. The meeting took place in Mexico City from 31 August to 2 September 2005. 

The meeting focused on four main topics: (i) the “demographic dividend” produced when the proportion of the population in the working ages rises during the course of the demographic transition; (ii) intergenerational transfers in the context of changing age structures; (iii) the macro-economic effects of population ageing, including on social security; and (iv) the impact of ageing on the health system. 

In addition to discussing global trends and policies, experts focused on the demographic situation and policy responses to changing population age structures in a range of countries, including Mexico as well as several other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, China, Hungary, Japan, the Republic of Korea and South Africa. Experts also considered the results of several recent studies examining evolving attitudes and practices with regard to intergenerational support in Europe and South-eastern Asia.



Organization of work

Wednesday, 31 August 2005


I. Opening of the meeting

II. World population ageing

III. The demographic dividend

Thursday, 1 September 2005


 IV. Macro effects of population ageing, including social security

V. Macro-economic effects of longer life, and impact of age structural changes on the health

Friday, 2 September 2005


VI. Focus on Mexico: transformations in demographic structure, intergenerational relations and
policy responses

VII. Intergenerational transfers in the context of age structural changes

VIII. Summary and conclusions

IX. Closing of the meeting 

Contributed Papers


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