World Population Policies 2021: Policies related to fertility

The World Population Policies 2021: Policies related to fertility provides a brief overview of global fertility levels and trends since the early 1960s and explores Government views and policies related to fertility. The analysis of views and policies draws on data gathered through 2019 and available in the World Population Policies Database, reflecting the situation before the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The report then presents five case studies of countries from different regions and with a range of fertility levels, exploring in more detail the origins and evolution of national fertility policies. The case studies are followed by an assessment of known or potential direct and indirect impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on fertility patterns and trends. The report concludes with an exploration of policy options that Governments may wish to consider in the current context.