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The Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs is an important centre of demographic research that supports intergovernmental processes at the United Nations in the area of population and development. The Division brings population issues to the attention of the international community, highlighting the central role of demographic trends in all aspects of sustainable development. The Division publishes several detailed collections of data about the world’s population, as well as descriptions and analyses of global demographic trends. It also assists countries in developing their capacity to produce and analyse population data and information.

This Highlights assesses the extent of improvements in survival over the 25 years that have passed since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and monitors progress towards the achievement of the related goals and targets of the Programme of Action and its contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

This report presents information on levels and trends in international migration, including refugees and asylum seekers, for regions and countries of the world, the state of international migration policies of the Member States, and the ratification and adoption status of migration-related legal instruments and normative frameworks

According to World Population Prospects 2019 (United Nations, 2019), by 2050, 1 in 6 people in the world will be over the age of 65, up from 1 in 11 in 2019.

The 2019 revision presents population estimates from 1950 to the present for 235 countries or areas, underpinned by analyses of historical demographic trends.