Last sprint towards Rio+20
Intense negotiations of the Conference’s Outcome document are under way since the 23 April in UN Headquarters in New York.
Over 130 Heads of State, Vice Presidents, Heads of Government, and deputy Prime Ministers have inscribed on the speakers list for Rio+20.
In addition, the two main Rio+20 Twitter accounts allowed reaching out more than 16 million people so far, and echoing further through re-tweeting another 110 million.
On 4 April, Mr. Sha Zukang, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs and Secretary-General of the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development, briefed members of the UN Economic and Social Council about the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda. “Clearly the decisions taken at Rio+20 will have major significance for the post-2015 development agenda,” he said, while mentioning a proposal submitted to the Conference to define Sustainable Development Goals that would complement the successful Millennium Development Goals. “We are hearing one thing from all stakeholders,” Mr. Sha added. “We need to work towards one UN development agenda, post-2015, with sustainable development at its centre.”
Rio+20 Host-Country Agreement
The Host Country Agreement, a legal agreement officially allowing Brazil to host the Rio+20 Conference, was signed on 5 April by Mr. Sha and the Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations, Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti at the Rio+20 Conference Secretariat. “Signing this agreement is a major milestone on our way to Rio,” Mr. Sha stated. “The agreement that we signed today, together with the strong cooperation we have enjoyed with the Government of Brazil throughout the preparatory process, helps pave the way forward for Rio+20 to achieve its potential for setting us on a new path toward a sustainable future — the future we want.”
Ambassador Viotti said the signing was “a good omen.” She said that “Today we are launching the process. This is the beginning of our engagement with the UN in terms of hosting the Conference. There is goodwill on all sides and we all work together to make sure that the Conference is a success.”
Counselling and mobilizing business leaders
A two-day consultation of business and industry, governments and civil society for Rio+20 entitled “Realising Inclusive and Green Growth” attracted 300 participants, mostly business people from both developed and developing countries, on 11 and 12 April in The Hague, The Netherlands.
Mr. Sha warmly invited business leaders to go to Rio to announce new green initiatives and to persuade the public and policy-makers “that business and industry can help accelerate the pace towards sustainable development.” “We count on you to persuade those companies that are less sensitized, that the sustainable development approach is also a smart business choice,” he also stressed.
Business and industry are one of the nine Major Groups working for sustainable development and playing an official consultative role in the Rio+20 process. The other one are women, youth and children, workers and trade unions, scientific and technological community, farmers, indigenous peoples, local authorities and NGOs.
Declaration of UN system chiefs
The United Nations System Chief Executives Board (CEB) met on 14-15 April to discuss Rio+20 and adopt an inspiring joint declaration of UN system chiefs about the Conference, which notably states: “Rio+20 must provide the roadmap to the future we want, a future with peace dynamic economic and social development universal social well-being and a healthy and equitable environment for present and future generations where women and men, boys and girls equally contribute to and benefit from development.”
Harmony with nature
To mark International Mother Earth Day, the UN General Assembly held an interactive dialogue on harmony with nature on 18 April at UN Headquarters to examine how human activity has affected the regenerative capacity of the planet. “As we get closer to Rio+20, we must keep the Earth in full view when making decisions and taking actions shifting from a self-centered to an Earth-centered approach,” Mr. Sha told to the participants. “Our success and wealth must be measured by the balance we create between ourselves and the world around us; that is, by our ability to live in harmony with nature.”
Intensive negotiations continue
Critical negotiations on the Rio+20 Outcome Document resumed on 23 April in New York. The 19-page “zero draft” issued in January was condensed from 6,000 pages of submissions from various stakeholders. A large number of proposals were made by governments during intense negotiations in March. The draft was then significantly expanded, bringing the text to over 200 pages. The revised draft identified 26 critical areas for action, including: water, energy, food, jobs, cities, oceans, disaster preparedness, poverty eradication, tourism, transport, climate change, sustainable consumption and production, lands, chemicals and forests, among others. The current round of informal negotiations on the Outcome Document is due to continue up to 4 May.