Achieving SDGs and ending poverty through universal social protection
The main objective of the project is to strengthen the capacity of the government in Cambodia and Pakistan to formulate, implement, monitor and evaluate national social security schemes, and contribute to the global knowledge base to promote experience‐sharing and learning. The project will make good use of all the efforts supported through previous and ongoing technical cooperation to improve the governance of social protection in these two countries. There is a growing need for awareness‐raising at the global level, as well as for the sharing of knowledge and the development of practical guidance for the governance of social security systems. Thus, this project will have an important role in bridging the gap in developing a comprehensive overview of the best practices, tools and communication mechanisms for the good governance in the social protection systems.
The project will be jointly implemented by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) Division for Inclusive Social Development (DISD) and the International Labour Office (ILO) Social Protection Department (SOCPRO) in the framework of ILO’s Global Flagship Programme on Building Social Protection Floors for All. DISD/DESA will bridge the normative policy guidance of the intergovernmental process and country level implementation by jointly producing tools for advocacy and implementation, organizing regional workshops to promote awareness of norms and policy guidance set by intergovernmental bodies and South‐South cooperation, as well as bringing country examples into supporting evidence‐based policy making at the inter‐governmental level. Working in close collaboration with DISD/DESA, the ILO will provide technical support to strengthen the governance capacities of the governments and social protection agencies in Cambodia and Pakistan, so that they can effectively extend coverage to more people with improved services. China’s succesful experience in extending social security to all, including through improved coordination between central and provincial levels, social protection one stop shops, improved management information systems, and using inspection systems to increase compliance, is very relevant for both Cambodia and Pakistan. Based on the experiences, new practical tools will be developed and shared with more countries through South‐South and Triangular Cooperation.
The Global component will centre on awareness‐raising and building knowledge to share with other countries in similar state of development of their social protection systems as Cambodia and Pakistan and the lessons‐learned from the experience of China. It will combine four approaches to further support the implementation of social protection in other countries:
- Knowledge development: The project will invest in independent research, compile innovative country experiences, and build expertise and knowledge on the governance of social security systems with emphasis on coordination, database and enforcement of compliance.
- Knowledge sharing: The project will share data, knowledge, and country experiences through project activities including the international conference on Universal Social Protection (USP 2030) with a particular emphasis on the decisive role of social security governance in extending social protection to all.
- Multiplier effect: The project will take advantage of the partnerships built by the ILO at country level in Cambodia and Pakistan as well as at the global level through the Flagship Programme to widen its outreach. A multi‐stakeholder partnership for Universal Social Protection (USP) was progressively developed with participation from the UN system, development partners, major nongovernmental organizations, workers’ and employers’ confederations, regional bodies (ASEAN), universities, and the private sector through the Global Business Network for Social Protection Floors. This project is a part of the South‐South exchanges support the implementation of SPFs.
- Promotion: Communication activities will be used to educate policy‐makers and other stakeholders on good governance principles and mechanisms. The project will foster multi‐stakeholder partnership and promote universal social protection among developing countries, building on the extensive Chinese experience in the field of social protection governance, as well as on recent cases of Cambodia and Pakistan.