Least Developed Country Category: Madagascar Profile

* Data from the 2021 triennial review

Madagascar Snapshot in PDF

LDC status

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Inclusion: 1991

Reports and resolutions

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Inclusion

CDP report: 1991
GA resolution: A/RES/46/206

Gross national income (GNI) per capita*

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Value:

$ 496

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Thresholds

Inclusion: $ 1,018
Graduation: $ 1,222
Income-only graduation: $ 2,444

Human assets index (HAI)*

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Index:

60.7

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Thresholds

Inclusion: 60 or below
Graduation: 66 or above

HAI indicators

Under-five mortality rate
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio
stat Value: 50.6 stat Value: 34.6
Index: 75.4 Index: 27.3
Source: UN IAG for Child Mortality Estimation Source: UNESCO
Prevalence of stunting
Adult literacy rate
stat Value: 41.3 stat Value: 74.8
Index: 22.5 Index: 66.4
Source: UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Source: UNESCO
Maternal Mortality Rate
Gender parity index for gross secondary school enrolment
stat Value: 335 stat Value: 1.04
Index: 72.4 Index: 100.0
Source: UN IAG for Maternal Mortality Source: UNESCO

Economic and environmental vulnerability index (EVI)*

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Index:

34.8

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Thresholds

Inclusion: 36 or above
Graduation: 32 or below

EVI indicators

Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing in GDP
Share of population in low elevated coastal zones
stat Value: 25.1 stat Value: 4.3
Index: 40.8 Index: 12.3
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division Source: CIESIN
Remoteness and landlockedness
Share of population living in drylands
stat Value: 68.8 stat Value: 7.5
Index: 73.5 Index: 7.5
Source: CDP Source: CDP
Merchandise export concentration
Instability of agricultural production
stat Value: 0.32 stat Value: 4.1
Index: 26.3 Index: 13.8
Source: UNCTAD Source: FAO
Instability of exports of goods and services
Victims of disasters
stat Value: 11.7 stat Value: 2.34
Index: 23.5 Index: 80.9
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division Source: EM-DAT

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