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Strengthening the collection and use of Time Use Data, in line with international standards and in support of SDG monitoring (2020-2024)

There is an urgent need to support countries in strengthening their capacity to collect and use time use data, for better policies and approaches to implement the 2030 Development Agenda at local, national and regional levels. This urgent need has also been voiced by countries, when they adopted the International Classification of Activities for Time Use Statistics (ICATUS 2016) at the 48th session of the UN Statistical Commission in March 2017 and requested to operationalize the classification and to provide guidance on how to implement it to produce internationally comparable time use data, using the latest technology.

The project will contribute to building capacity in countries to produce and use time use statistics, in support of measuring and monitoring their national development plans and indicators, including SDG 5.4.1 on unpaid work, as well as other development issues such as employment and learning. The project is expected to develop and test methodological guidelines on how to modernize the collection, analysis and use of time use data. These guidelines will cover cost-effective tools and a sustainable model to institutionalize the systematic collection of these data. The guidelines will be available for use by all countries and will be widely promoted through regional training workshops. Furthermore, the project will also contribute to improved data/policies integration in target counties. This will be achieved through a series of national events to promote stronger collaboration between users and producers of time use data where participants will also identify/map which time use data are needed for which national development policies. improved data/policies integration in target counties.

Enhancing national capacity of governments and indigenous leaders in Africa and Latin America to advance inclusive development in the framework of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

In the four years since the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples, there have been several positive developments by Member States, largely in the African and Latin American regions, to fulfill commitments made in the event’s outcome document. For example, with Development Account support from DESA/DISD, Namibia validated a White Paper on inclusive development and the rights of indigenous peoples and Uganda has undertaken consultations and affirmed its commitment to develop an affirmative action plan for indigenous peoples. In Latin America, El Salvador has adopted a national action plan on indigenous peoples and Paraguay has also begun the development of a national action plan with the support of IFAD.

The present project will build on this momentum, facilitating broader implementation of the WCIP outcome document by supporting further efforts by previously targeted and new countries, to develop and implement policies, plans of action or strategies focused on inclusive development for indigenous peoples. The project will also provide a platform for South-South cooperation and exchange of experiences between the African and Latin American partners. This exchange is expected to be beneficial for participating countries. Although much remains to be done to implement the UNDRIP, Latin American countries have many years of experience in addressing issues related to development and indigenous peoples at both regional and national levels. In Africa, inclusive development for indigenous peoples is an emerging issue, still being addressed by few countries.

The expected result of the project would be improved capacity among local and national government officials in the four participating countries to develop and/or implement policies, plans of action or strategies, in close consultation and collaboration with indigenous peoples, their representative institutions and other relevant stakeholders, to advance inclusive development in the framework of the UNDRIP.

The expected result would be evidenced by each of the participating countries having prepared and/or advanced implementation of a national policy, plan of action or strategy focused on inclusive development for indigenous peoples. The particular instrument to be focused on would be determined based on an initial assessment carried out in each country.

The project is expected to be conducted in partnership with two countries from the Africa region, and two from Latin America. In December 2018, DISD will carry out, in cooperation with the Government of Namibia, a sub-regional workshop on inclusive development in the framework of the UNDRIP. At that workshop, DISD will identify the two African partners. In Latin America, DISD is working in close collaboration with the Indigenous Fund for Latin America and the Caribbean, with which it will identify two partner countries. The project will also use existing training of trainers material developed by DISD, to build the capacity of government officials and indigenous representatives on indigenous issues. In addition, DISD is currently preparing a Guidance Note on the Development of National Action Plans on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in close cooperation with OHCHR that will also support this proposed project. This project will serve as an opportunity for validation and roll-out of this guidance note.

Supporting Member States in the implementation and Advancement of the System of

The project aims to address the technical and institutional barriers to the establishment of routinely produced environmental-economic accounts at the national level. Project activities will focus on: building the institutional framework in support of the SEEA implementation, taking into consideration existing initiatives and activities in the countries and policy priorities; building capacity in the countries to compile selected accounts on a regular basis, while contributing to the development of SEEA compliant global databases; fostering inter-institutional collaboration to promote collaboration and data-sharing in producing the accounts; and promoting the effective use and communication of the accounts in supporting evidence-based policy and the SDGs.

The project will support six developing countries (for example, Lao PDR, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Myanmar, Tajikistan and Tunisia), from three different sub-regions to ensure geographic diversity and multiplication effects in the various regions. Countries will be selected on the basis of their demonstrated interest to put in place a SEEA programme in the country to meet policy needs and the demands for SEEA accounts to inform policies. The project will support and build on achievements from past activities in the target countries, in particular introductory blended learning workshops on the SEEA, carried out by DESA/SD, in partnership with the regional commissions. The project will also build on initial technical assistance provided by partner organizations to some of the selected countries.

Bridging capacity gaps of select SIDS to achieve the 2030 Agenda

This proposal seeks to support seven (7) SIDS to strengthen their capacities to develop and implement appropriate enabling legal, institutional and policy frameworks to grow sustainable ocean-based economies and to derive economic benefits from harnessing the productive potential of their ocean spaces. This will be achieved through interventions designed to strengthen policies, legal and institutional frameworks and technical capacities for effective decision making and implementation of planned priorities at national and/or regional levels as they relate to SDG 14.

This project will be implemented by the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Unit of Division of Sustainable Development (DSD), Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). The activities in the Pacific will implemented in collaboration with the International Seabed Authority. Other regional partners include the Commonwealth Secretariat (ComSec), the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat, the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM), the Council of Regional Organizations in the Pacific (CROP) agencies including the Pacific Island Forum Secretariat (PIFS), the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC/SOPAC), and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP).

Helping least developed countries (LDCs) pursue structural economic progress toward and beyond graduation

The project aims to help five Least Developed Countries (LDCs) (four in Asia, one in the Pacific) increase their chances of achieving structural economic and social progress toward and beyond graduation from LDC status. This, for the two implementing organizations, involves: (i) provision of country-specific analytical material on the implications of LDC graduation; vulnerability and resilience-building; and smooth transition strategies; (ii) relevant advisory services to policy makers; and (iii) action to help project recipients and LDCs in general understand and use the export-related new requirements issued by trading partners.

The economies of graduating LDCs, while demonstrating forms of structural economic progress, often remain little diversified and dependent on a small number of products or commodities for export. The transformation these countries aim to achieve or pursue implies a range of structural economic changes, notably from lower to higher levels of productivity and value addition. Most graduating countries with an agenda for such progress will need post-LDC support measures, possibly new forms of special treatment after LDC status.

The context of reclassification from LDC status is an opportunity, for these countries, to step up their plea for alternative support measures after graduation, with a view to maintaining their momentum of progress. In short, making the most of LDC benefits while these are still available, then achieving a smooth transition to post-LDC status with some alternative support measures is a broad agenda of these States, an agenda they expect UNDESA and UNCTAD to help them bring to fruition. The project offers the two organizations and the five recipients a practical framework for achieving this goal.

 Key stakeholders under the project are government officials in the ministries associated with LDC graduation and its implications: Foreign Affairs, Planning, Finance, Trade and Commerce. The project will enhance the capacities of selected officials within these ministries to: (i) better understand the implications of graduation from LDC status; (ii) incorporate policies aimed at mitigating vulnerability and building resilience into planning documents; (iii) formulate and enact smooth transition strategies; and (iv) keep up with changing international trade requirements.

 Expected accomplishments are: (i) a strengthened capacity of government officials to mainstream resilience-building and smooth transition strategies into national policy-making; and (ii) Improve the capacity, in LDCs, to access and share information about new product requirements in export markets, and utilize the information to promote exports.

Institutional arrangements for policy integration, coordination and stakeholder engagement in SDG implementation and reviews in Africa, and Asia and the Pacific

Countries face common challenges in moving from siloed elaboration and implementation of policies to the formulation of integrated policies reflecting the interrelations across the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and addressing cross-cutting sustainable development issues such as poverty eradication, climate change and food security. To realize the vision of the Agenda 2030 of leaving no one behind and to ensure inclusive development, countries will also need to ensure more inclusive, accountable and participatory policy-making and public service delivery. This requires, among other things, organizing government and related institutions engaged in SDG implementation and making them effective, inclusive and accountable.  It also calls for strengthening public servants’ capacity to implement the SDGs through the development of new skills, attitudes and behaviours and through new ways of working together across organizational boundaries.

The objective of the Project is to strengthen the capacity of selected developing countries in Africa and Asia in organizing and mobilizing their institutions and public servants to enhance effectiveness and institutional coordination, public accountability, and engagement of key stakeholders in the implementation and review of the SDGs. The project is structured around two expected accomplishments, namely: (i) Improved capacity of beneficiary countries to mobilize public institutions and build their capacities for SDG implementation and review, according to country-specific circumstances and priorities, as well as ensure public accountability and engagement of key stakeholders; (ii) Enhanced capacity of beneficiary countries to formulate strategies and policies to strengthen the technical capability and skills of civil servants to support SDG implementation and review. Recipient countries will also be encouraged to participate and present their findings during the UN High-Level Political Forum (HLPF), as well as to take part in other related divisional capacity development workshops.