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Evidence-based eGovernment Policies for advancing information technology infrastructure, governmental service delivery and accountability

The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) face multiple development challenges with limited resources, capacities and access to technologies. E-government can be leveraged to support the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Targets . It is, therefore, critical that LDCs have the technical know-how to take advantage of this opportunity. Therefore, there is a need for knowledge transfer through development assistance, smart investments in information communications technology (ICT) infrastructure as well as flexible and effective use of e-government to bring about substantial returns on investment supporting the sustainable development agenda. Under the right conditions, such efforts will in turn deliver multiple benefits such as better access to essential services, including for the poorest and most disadvantaged groups. It can create savings by streamlining and simplifying government processes as well as enhance accountability and transparency.
In order to steadily build capacity in the area of e-government and identify areas of strength and weaknesses, LDCs need to measure their degree of e-government development. This requires using not just supply-side metrics but also demand-side metrics, such as the impact, usage and user satisfaction of online services in supporting the SDGs.
The objective of the Project 1617B is to support decision making to support the sustainable development agenda by building institutional capacity to collect analyse and use data on e-government. It is structured around two expected accomplishments, namely: (i.) to improve institutional capacity in target countries to collect, use and publish relevant e-government data and compile indicators for analysis, monitoring and evaluation of progress in e-government; and (ii) to strengthen institutional capacity, frameworks and approaches in target countries to implement e-government policies and strategies in support of selected SDGs and Targets and related decision-making based on data. Recipient countries will also be encouraged to participate and present their digital strategy and e-government initiatives in the annual review process of the SDGs through the United Nations High-Level Political Forum (HLPF), as well as to feature their e-government tools to support specific SDGs and Targets through the Technology Facilitation Mechanism (TFM).

Building national capacities to design evidence-based sustainable development policies by the use of environmental, economy-wide, microsimulation, and integrated assessments modelling tools

Over the last ten years, DPAD/UN-DESA has supported a number of Member States in developing the required capacities to use modelling tools to inform development policies. As such, an important number of models and training activities have been developed to support countries in the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and more recently to assess strategies for low-carbon growth and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda.
Governments from developing countries confront the challenge of designing coherent policies that can simultaneously accelerate growth, reduce poverty, deepen human development, preserve and improve the environment, and adapt/mitigate to climate change. To successfully achieve these objectives, countries need quantitative analytical capacities to assess comprehensive, coherent and detailed policy options. This requires assessments that integrate a large number of development objectives across the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development.
In response to the Government requests of Mexico, Ghana and Rwanda, this project aims at building integrated assessment methodologies and capacities in each country to address the inter-linkages and trade-offs among policies, goals and the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. A climate, land-use, energy and water systems integrated assessment will be developed in each country, with capacity building activities provided to government officials, to address the challenges and particular policy scenarios discussed with official government counterparts, to inform evidence-based policy discussions.

Supporting Member States in developing and strengthening environment statistics and integrated environmental-economic accounting for improved monitoring of sustainable development

High quality statistics and integrated information are important inputs into evidence based policy and decision-making. They are also key to monitoring internationally agreed goals, sustainable development, and the post-2015 development agenda. Given the critical role of high quality environment statistics, and their integration with socio-economic statistics the overall objective is to strengthen national capacities of developing countries for the sustained, regular production of a priority set of environmental statistics, environmental-economic accounts, and the resulting indicators, in order to measure progress towards sustainable development. The project is composed of two complementary modules, developed in a harmonized manner.Module A will work with countries that are in the early stages of developing environment statistics. It will be executed through a set of activities including organizing an initial sub-regional capacity-building workshop to train the countries using the FDES and the Basic Set of Environment Statistics, applying the Environment Statistics Self-Assessment Tool, developing national work plans, providing technical assistance and organizing national workshops for the participating countries, promoting inter-institutional platforms and data-sharing protocols at the national level, and organizing a closing sub-regional workshop to share progress, lessons learned and discuss the way forward. Module B will work with countries that expressed interest in implementing the SEEA. It will be executed through a set of activities including developing diagnostic tools for the self-assessment on institutional environment and data availability for compiling environmental-economic accounts, organizing two expert group meetings to discuss diagnostic tools and compilation guidelines, organizing four sub-regional workshops to build capacity in countries and develop national strategies, developing regional implementation strategies for environmental-economic accounting, organizing four pilot projects, and developing compilation guidelines.

Enhancing national statistical capacity to measure, monitor, assess and report on progress on achieving post-2015 goals and targets for sustainable development

Recognizing the importance of high quality statistics and their effective use in promoting evidence-based socio-economic policies and achieving internationally and nationally agreed goals, the overall objective of the project is to strengthen national statistical systems in select developing countries in their capacity to measure, monitor, assess and report on progress on achieving post-2015 goals and targets for sustainable development. This will in turn improve availability to users, especially policy decision makers, of timely and reliable statistics that are policy relevant and meet the increasing demand for high quality information to ensure development goals at both the national and international levels are achieved.
The project will be delivered through a set of activities including desk studies of the countries’ current statistical capacity to monitor and report on these goals and targets, workshops and in-country technical assistance missions to increase awareness regarding the monitoring and reporting requirements of the SDGs and post-2015 goals and targets, to discuss priorities, to assess national capacities and gaps, to assist in the creation of implementation plans for monitoring and reporting and to build capacity for their implementation.
The project will provide assistance to national statistical offices in 6 pilot countries. The results will be shared on a regional level, allowing other countries to benefit from and to follow the experiences of the pilot counties. A Steering Committee composed of representatives of the participating statistical offices and co-operating agencies will guide the overall execution of the project.