Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear terrorism
The prospect of non-State actors, including terrorist groups and their supporters, gaining access to and using weapons and materials of mass destruction is a serious threat to international peace and security.
-- Under-Secretary-General Vladimir Voronkov in foreword of the UNOCT Publication Ensuring Effective Interagency Interoperability and Coordinated Communication in Case of Chemical and/or Biological Attacks.
International peace and security
The UN Security Council has specifically addressed the threat of weapons of mass destruction and chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear terrorism on a number of occasions. In resolution 1373 (2001), the Council recognized the connection between international terrorism and, inter alia, the illegal movement of such materials. Its seminal pronouncement on the issue came in the form of resolution 1540 (2004), through which the Council affirmed that the proliferation of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons and their means of delivery constitutes a threat to international peace and security.
More recently, the Security Council again called on Member States in resolution 2325 (2016) to strengthen their national anti-proliferation regimes in the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004).
To this end, the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy calls upon the Member States, International Organizations and the UN System to:
- Combat smuggling of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear materials
- Ensure that advances in biotechnology are not used for terrorist
- Improve border and customs controls to prevent and detect illicit trafficking of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons and materials
- Improve coordination in planning a response to a terrorist attack using chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons or materials
In the Sixth Review of the Counter-Terrorism Strategy, the General Assembly called upon all Member States to “prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery… and [encouraged] cooperation among and between Member States and relevant regional and International Organizations for strengthening national capacities in this regard.”
WMD/ CBRN Programming
In response to this global threat, UNOCT has developed a Weapons of Mass Destruction/ Chemical Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Programme (WMD/ CBRN) that seeks to advance Member States’ and International Organizations understanding of the level of their threat in relation to terrorism. Our Programme supports their prevention, preparedness and response efforts at their request.
Through our Programming, UNOCT also seeks to strengthen partnerships for, and to provide capacity-building support to requesting Member States. These partnerships focus on areas such as border and export control, strategic trade control, illicit trafficking, protection of CBRN materials and critical infrastructure, incident response and crisis management, forensics, among others.