The Human Rights Council has mandated the High Commissioner for Human Rights to undertake a study on the effects of globalisation on the enjoyment of human rights. As an officer in the responsible branch, you have been assigned to carry out the necessary research and draft the study. You are aware that the resolution mandating the study was a contentious one, with every word hotly debated along regional lines. One delegate called globalisation the most important modern force for human rights, in its potential for creation of economic opportunities. Another identified it as the greatest threat to human rights since colonialism, in its potential for marginalizing and excluding so many. You also know that human rights groups around the world have been increasingly vocal in their calls for integrating human rights in the processes of globalisation. For her part, the High Commissioner has called for the articulation of a “rights-based approach to the processes of globalisation, in which international norms and standards serve as the rules of the game.” In a search of existing UN documents, you find plenty of political debate, but virtually nothing to define the issues associated with globalisation in human rights terms.
The examination deals with international human rights law and the United Nations mechanisms aimed at their promotion and protection. As the questions are based upon both substantive and procedural human rights law and mechanisms, familiarity with the Charter of the United Nations, international human rights law, relevant UN procedures and mechanisms are essential.
A Handbook of International Human Rights Terminology. By H. Victor Condé, University of Nebraska Press.
Human Rights: A Compilation of International Instruments. UN/DPI. / Droits de l'homme : recueil des instruments internationaux. ONU/DPI.
Integrating Human Rights with Sustainable Human Development. UN, 1998. / Intégrer les droits de l'homme au développement durable.1998.
The United Nations and Human Rights, 1945-1995. UN/DPI, 1995 / Les Nations Unies et les droits de l'homme, 1945-1995. Série "Livres bleus des Nations Unies", Volume VIII. ONU /DPI. 1996. 536 pages.
United Nations Action in the Field of Human Rights. UN / Les activités de l'ONU dans le domaine des droits de l'homme. ONU.
World Conference on Human Rights: The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action. DPI, New York, 1995
Examination Sample: General Paper (P2)
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