Angola - UNAVEM II

Prepared by the Department of Public Information, United Nations. This text was last updated effective 31 August 1996.

Not an official document of the United Nations.




DURATION: May 1991 - February 1995

STRENGTH: 350 military observers, 126 police monitors; there were also some 80 international civilian staff and 155 local staff, and up to 400 electoral observers

FATALITIES: 5 (2 military observers, 1 other military personnel, 1 police observer and 1 international civilian staff)

EXPENDITURES: $175,802,600 net

FUNCTION: Established on 30 May 1991 to verify the arrangements agreed by the Angolan parties for the monitoring of the cease-fire and for the monitoring of the Angolan police during the cease-fire period and to observe and verify the elections in that country, in accordance with the Peace Accords for Angola, signed by the Angolan Government and the União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola (UNITA). Despite the United Nations verification that the elections -- held in September 1992 -- had been generally free and fair, their results were contested by UNITA. After renewed fighting in October 1992 between the Government and UNITA forces, UNAVEM II's mandate was adjusted in order to help the two sides reach agreement on modalities for completing the peace process and, at the same time, to broker and help implement cease-fires at the national or local level. Following the signing on 20 November 1994 by the Government of Angola and UNITA of the Lusaka Protocol, UNAVEM II verified the initial stages of the peace agreement. In February 1995, the Security Council set up a new mission - UNAVEM III - to monitor and verify the implementation of the Protocol

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