#YouthStats: Globalization and Migration


  •  In more affluent countries, UN estimations show 15.7% of people under age 20 were immigrants in 1990, and the share had increased to 18.9% by 2013. [EFA global monitoring Report 2015, Education for all 2000-2015, achievements and challenges, p.119 http://goo.gl/7JXK7S]
  • A significant number of young migrant workers (between 15 and 24 years old), representing one in eight migrant workers, are moving in search of better livelihoods.  [ILO, International Labour Conference, 2016, p.5, http://goo.gl/ikjQx9]
  • Migrants between 15 and 24 years of age, represented in 2013 about one-eighth (28.2 million) of the 232 million international migrants worldwide. [Global Migration Group (GMG): Migration and youth: Challenges and opportunities, 2014, Youth Migration: Facts and Figures, p.5, http://goo.gl/5P34oa]
  • 15% of all international migrants are under the age of 20, while 23% of migrants in developing regions fall into that age bracket.  [UNDP, Guidance Note - A Development Approach to Migration and Displacement, p.5, http://goo.gl/eTpG0i]
  • 32% of all international migrants are under the age of 30.  The majority (60%) of young international migrants under the age of 30 live in developing countries.  [UNDP, Guidance Note - A Development Approach to Migration and Displacement, p.5, http://goo.gl/yWB2P4]
  •  Globally, 46% of migrants aged 15-24 are young women or girls.  [UN Global Migration Group, 2013, http://bit.ly/1IeGkje]

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  • Migrant youth are more likely to experience exploitative working conditions, inadequate access to vocational training, and social exclusion.  [UN World Youth Report, 2013, http://bit.ly/1kw5Gu7]
  • 28 million young people leave their countries of birth to seek employment in another country. [UN Global Migration Group, 2013, http://bit.ly/1IeGkje]
  • Half of all unemployed youth that are migrants need more than a year to find a job. [UN World Youth Report, 2013, http://bit.ly/1kw5Gu7]
  • Migration may empower young women and reinforce equitable gender norms. [UN, 2013, http://bit.ly/1kw5Gu7]
  • Migration for reasons related to education or employment can allow girls to avoid marriage at a young age. [UN, 2013, http://bit.ly/1kw5Gu7]
  • The most prominent reasons for young people to migrate are in search of alternative livelihoods and opportunities in education, employment, marriage and family reunification, as well as protection from conflict. [UN World Youth Report, 2013, http://bit.ly/1kw5Gu7]
  • UNWTO estimates that around 20% of the 990 million international tourists travelling the world in 2011 were young people. [UNWTO, 2011, http://bit.ly/1l0llG2]
  • Young travelers generated some 165 billion USD in international tourism receipts and this continues to grow. [UNWTO, 2011, http://bit.ly/1l0llG2]

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