2002 Study and Report of the Secretary-General
The resolution mandated the Secretary General to carry out a study on the impact of armed conflict on women and girls, the role of women in peace-building and the gender dimensions of peace processes and conflict resolution (paragraph 16).
The preparation of the study was coordinated by the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women, Ms Angela King, in close collaboration with the Interagency Taskforce, who contributed material from headquarter and field perspectives, commented on several drafts and provided input to the recommendations.
The study "Women, peace and security" was published in October 2002. The study draws on the collective experience of the UN system. It analyzes the impact of armed conflict on women and girls; describes the relevant international legal framework and assesses its implementation; and reviews the gender perspectives in peace processes as well as in peace operations; humanitarian operations, reconstruction and rehabilitation, including DDR processes. The study includes recommendations for concrete action to ensure greater attention to gender perspectives in all these areas of work.
Based on the findings of the study, the Secretary-General submitted a report on women, peace and security (S/2002/1154) to the Security Council during the open debate on 28 and 29 October 2002. On 31 October 2002, the second anniversary of resolution 1325, the President of the Security Council issued a statement (S/PRST/2002/32) following the open debate.
The Presidential Statement reaffirmed the Council's commitment to the full implementation of resolution 1325. It urged the Secretary-General to increase the number of women serving as special representatives or special envoys and to ensure that all reports on peacekeeping missions to the Council systematically address gender perspectives. The Council also reaffirmed the importance of gender mainstreaming in peacekeeping operations and post-conflict reconstruction. In that request, it supported the appointment of gender advisers at senior levels at Headquarters.
It committed itself to integrate gender perspectives into the mandates of all peacekeeping missions and to integrate gender perspectives into the terms of reference of its visits and Missions to countries and regions in conflict. To that end, it requested the Secretary-General to establish a database of gender specialists as well as women's groups and networks in countries and regions in conflict.
The Council encouraged the Member States and the Secretary-General to establish regular contacts with local women's groups and networks and to ensure that such are actively involved in reconstruction processes, particularly at decision-making levels.
Member States, the United Nations system, civil society and other relevant actors were encouraged to develop clear strategies and action plans with goals and timetables, on the integration of gender perspectives in humanitarian operations, rehabilitation and reconstruction programmes.
With regards to sexual exploitation, including trafficking, the Security Council called for the further development and full implementation of codes of conduct and of disciplinary procedures in the context of peacekeeping operations and humanitarian activities.
The Security Council requested a follow-up report on the implementation of resolution 1325 in 2004.
Relevant documents and reports
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