Network on IANWGE/2002/7
Women and Gender Equality February 2002
New York, 26 February - 1 March 2002
Gender mainstreaming in the CCA/UNDAF process
Task Manager: UNIFEM
United Nations Development Group (UNDG) decided at the end of
1999 to discontinue the UNDG Sub-group on Gender. This created
a serious gap in the inter-agency work on strengthening the mainstreaming
of gender concerns into the Common Country Assessment (CCA) and
United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). As highlighted
in a number of recent reports and assessment workshops, gender
is still not systematically and effectively mainstreamed into
the UN reform process. As a result, the Inter-Agency Meeting on
Women and Gender Equality (IAMWGE) recommended the establishment
of a Task Force on Gender Mainstreaming in the CCA/UNDAF process
to address the continuing need expressed by UN country teams for
expertise and technical advice on how to systematically and effectively
address gender issues both in the analysis and assessment of national
development challenges and in strategic planning processes.
progress, however, has been made as highlighted in the global
review of the 2000 Annual Resident Coordinator Reports. The review
notes that UN agencies are increasingly collaborating on gender
issues. The most frequently used strategies for cooperation include
advocacy, joint reviews, national action plans and capacity-building
of government and civil society. In this process, Gender Theme
Groups have served as a key instrument for dialogue and the development
of common strategies and action plans in over 90 countries. The
UNDGO review also positively notes that a number of countries
have set good examples of innovative strategies to integrate gender
into the CCA/UNDAF process (e.g. CCA/UNDAF of India and CCA of
Terms of Reference
Task Force on Gender Mainstreaming in the CCA/UNDAF is chaired
by UNIFEM and acts as a technical working group to bring together
critical thinking on the CCA/UNDAF process from a gender perspective
and to create a common understanding of gender mainstreaming.
Its members include representatives from UNDGO, DAW, OSAGI, UNDP,
UNFPA, UNICEF and UNIFEM. In 2001, the Task Force was expanded
to include representatives from the World Bank and the UN Statistical
per its terms of reference, the Task Force's main objective is
the development of a common and coherent UN agency approach to
gender mainstreaming in the CCA/UNDFAF process, through:
and reviewing existing CCA/UNDAFs from a gender perspective
as part of the current DGO focus on learning.
-developing a conceptual paper to identify common ways for UN
agencies to work on gender mainstreaming in the CCA/UNDAF context
and to ensure that technical advice to the field is consistent;
-providing a gender perspective to the Millennium Declaration
and road map development and processes;
·-facilitating the development of modules (with good practice
examples and case studies) for inclusion in the training programme
and provide briefing for all trainers;
-monitoring the development and use of the CCA indicator
framework in CCAs and UNDAFs;
-developing a collection of best practices of CCA/UNDAFs and
guidelines for use by the field; and
-supporting the inclusion of information on the location of
UN gender specialists in the field and general information on
gender mainstreaming at both analytical and operational levels
on Dev Link for access by HQ and the field.
Progress Report: 2001
The Task Force on Gender Mainstreaming in the CCA/UNDAF process
met five times in 2001 (timed to coincide with UNDG meetings).
It provided inputs and guidance to countries identified for roll-out
in 2001, including Botswana, Cameroon, Comoros, Lesotho, Mali,
Mauritania, Bolivia, India, Maldives, PNG, Djibouti and Jordan.
and reviewing draft CCA/UNDAFs
In 2001, the Task Force provided inputs to six draft CCAs and UNDAFs,
including the Botswana UNDAF, the Uganda UNDAF, the Mongolia UNDAF,
the Kenya CCA, the Lebanon CCA and the Mozambique UNDAF. Comments
were compiled by the Group's task manager and sent to UNDGO for
feedback through the UNDG Leaning Network.
the development of modules
After consultations with the Turin Staff College, the Task Force
agreed to focus in 2001 on ensuring the mainstreaming of gender
concerns into the design of the training modules developed by
UNDG working groups on poverty, HIV/AIDS and human rights. The
development of a specific training module on gender for senior
UN staff in the field was retained as a longer-term strategy.
a collection of good practices of CCA/UNDAFs and guidelines for
use by the field
The Task Force commissioned an external consultant to undertake
a desk review of CCAs and UNDAFs to assess the extent to which
gender perspectives were included in both final documents and
processes. The fifteen countries chosen for the review include
Barbados, China, Ecuador, India, Kenya, Lebanon, Mali, Mauritius,
Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan,
Yemen and Zimbabwe. The selection was made to reflect a diverse
range of country experiences with a representation of different
regions and degrees of gender mainstreaming. The consultant started
work on the desk review in December 2001. As part of the information
gathering process, a questionnaire was developed and sent to UN
Resident Coordinators in late January 2002.
review will provide a comprehensive assessment of the status of
gender mainstreaming in the selected CCA/UNDAF case studies and
map out different approaches and gaps in mainstreaming gender
into these UN reform tools (to be presented in a matrix and brief
analytical paper). The review will also develop a set of guidelines
for stakeholders working on gender mainstreaming in the CCA/UNDAF
process to capture the qualitative aspects of the process (i.e.
programming outcomes, influence on governmental ministries etc).
Preliminary findings will be presented at the IANWGE Annual Meeting.
the inclusion of information on the location of UN gender specialists
in the field and general information on gender mainstreaming at
both analytical and operational levels on Dev Link
The design and compilation of the Resource Map of Gender Expertise
was initiated in 2000 by the now disbanded UNDG Inter-agency Sub-Group
on Gender. In 2001 the Task Force on Gender in the CCA/UNDAF Process
took on this task and the Resource Map was launched on the DevLink
website (http://unifem.undg.org/). It provides UN Country Teams
with easy access to UN system gender expertise, especially in
the area of mainstreaming gender concerns into the CCA/UNDAF process.
Links with UNDG Groups
Task Force members noted the importance of further strengthening
internal links in agencies between staff to ensure systematic
mainstreaming of gender concerns into all UNDG groups and ad hoc
working groups. At its June meeting, the Task Force requested UNIFEM's
representative at the UNDG Programme Group to also represent the
Task Force at these meetings in order to ensure an effective coordination
process between the two inter-agency mechanisms.
Future Activities and Directions
Task Force will discuss its future activities and directions at
a special working session during the IANWGE Annual Meeting from
26 February to 1 March 2002.