Directory of UN Resources on Gender and Women's Issues
Thematic Issues and Critical Areas of Concern > Critical Areas of Concern >
Women and the Economy
There are considerable differences in women's and men's access to and opportunities to exert power over economic structures in their societies. In most parts of the world, women are virtually absent from or are poorly represented in economic decision-making, including the formulation of financial, monetary, commercial and other economic policies, as well s tax systems and rules governing pay.
On Norms and Agency: Conversations about Gender Equality with Women and Men in 20 Countries
[ www.worldbank.org ]
In this study on gender equality, researchers asked 4,000 people in 20 countries to describe the gender norms in their communities and the influence those norms have on their lives and their every-day decisions. The researchers spoke with men and women, youth and adults, living in villages and cities in developing countries, as well as higher income countries. The World Bank. 2013.
Governing land for women and men
[ www.fao.org ]
This technical guide aims to assist in the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, by providing guidance that supports the Guidelines' principle of gender equality in tenure governance.
The guide focuses on equity and on how land tenure can be governed in ways that address the different needs and priorities of women and men. It moves away from long-standing debates about gender equality in access to land, towards the mainstreaming of gender issues to achieve more gender-equitable participation in the processes and institutions that underlie all decision-making about land. FAO. 2013.
Seeing Beyond the State: Grassroots Women's Perspectives on Corruption and Anti-Corruption
[ www.undp.org ]
Corruption is global phenomenon and a major obstacle to development and economic growth in the global South. Although it affects all social classes and groups, women (and poor women in particular) are among the most affected. In order to better understand corruption from the perspective of women at the grassroots level, the Huairou Commission undertook a study of 11 communities across eight countries in partnership with UNDP's Global Thematic Programme on Anti-Corruption for Development Effectiveness (PACDE). UNDP, 2012
Los bonos en la mira aporte y carga para las mujeres
[ www.cepal.org ]
En este tercer informe del Observatorio de Igualdad de Género de América Latina y el Caribe (OIG) se presenta una reflexión sobre los programas de transferencias condicionadas (PTC), en el marco de los sistemas de protección social y su capacidad de incluir a las mujeres como sujetos de derecho. Finalmente y como resultado del esfuerzo colectivo de los mecanismos para el adelanto de la mujer, se presenta un anexo estadístico que contiene información oficial, periódica y oportuna, que permite mejorar el análisis de las políticas públicas. Asimismo, se centra la mirada en el análisis de los indicadores de autonomía física, económica y en la toma de decisiones, cuyo tel ón de fondo es la agenda regional generada por los consensos ratificados en la XI Conferencia Regional sobre la Mujer de América Latina y el Caribe, concordantes con la Plataforma de Acción de la Cuarta Conferencia Mundial sobre la Mujer (Beijing, 1995). También. CEPAL. 2012.
World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development
[ www.worldbank.org ]
The World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development argues that closing these gaps is a core development objective in its own right. It is also smart economics. Greater gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative. The authors use a conceptual framework to examine progress to date, and then recommend policy actions. The World Bank. 2012.
Who is benefiting from trade liberalization in Lesotho? A gender perspective
[ www.unctad.org ]
This study is part of UNCTAD's activities on trade, gender and development carried out by the Organization in accordance with its mandate. The Doha Mandate, resulting from the Thirteenth Ministerial Meeting of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD XIII) held in Doha, Qatar on 21–26 April 2012, provides UNCTAD with a specific mandate on gender-related issues. UNCTAD aims to contribute to the analysis of the linkages between trade policy and gender equality, and to the related international debate, by looking at specific country experiences. This study is one in a series of case studies that are being conducted by UNCTAD in six developing and least developed countries, namely Bhutan, Cape Verde, Lesotho, Angola, Uruguay and Rwanda. Publication date: August 2012.
Who is benefiting from trade liberalization in Cape Verde? A gender perspective
[ www.unctad.org ]
Languages: English | Portuguese
This study is part of UNCTAD's activities on trade, gender and development carried out by the organization in accordance with its mandate. The Accra Accord resulting from the Twelfth Ministerial Conference (UNCTAD XII, Accra, Ghana, 20–25 April 2008) requested UNCTAD to strengthen its work on the linkages between trade and internationally agreed development goals and objectives, including gender equality (para. 96(d)), and to make efforts to mainstream cross-cutting issues of gender equality and the empowerment of women in all its work (para. 173). UNCTAD aims to contribute to the analysis of the linkages between trade policy and gender equality, and to the related international debate, by looking at specific country experiences. This study is one in a series of case studies that are being conducted by UNCTAD in six developing countries, namely Angola, Bhutan, Cape Verde, Lesotho, Rwanda and Uruguay Publication date: December 2011.
Decent rural employment for food security: A case for action
[ www.fao.org ]
Promoting decent employment is essential to achieving food security and reducing poverty. This Case for Action argues that improving policy coherence between employment and agricultural initiatives and investing more in the promotion of decent rural employment contribute highly to the interlinked challenges of fighting rural poverty and feeding a growing world population in a sustainable way.
The 2012 World Development Report: Gender Equality and Development argues that gender equality is a core development objective in its own right. It is also smart economics. Greater gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative.
The Report also focuses on four priority areas for policy going forward: (i) reducing excess female mortality and closing education gaps where they remain, (ii) improving access to economic opportunities for women (iii) increasing women's voice and agency in the household and in society and (iv) limiting the reproduction of gender inequality across generations.
Who is benefiting from trade liberalization in Bhutan? A gender perspective
[ www.un.org ]
Policies to expand trade and to promote Bhutan´s unique overall goal of maximizing "gross national happiness" should be linked to strategies for educating women and enhancing their positions in society and in the economy, a new UNCTAD study says. The study is one of a series being carried out by the Organization to analyse the gender effects of trade in developing countries, in particular least developed countries (LDCs). Other UNCTAD studies are focusing on situations in LDCs Lesotho, Rwanda and Angola; in Cape Verde, a country that recently graduated from LDC status; and in Uruguay, a developing country that is not an LDC.
Online Video Series: Women's Economic Rights (Southern Cone)
[ http://www.youtube.com/ ]
Languages: English | Spanish
The countries of the Southern Cone have distinct economic realities. However, when the issue is women and labor markets, they have something in common. Women have less secure jobs, receive lower wages, and generally work in the informal sector. Not only is their work undervalued, they face a double workload as they seek to conciliate their working lives with their roles as homemakers and caregivers. In this five-part series, TV Brasil International evaluates the economic realities women live in and the challenges they face in the Southern Cone region, particularly in Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Chile. (Producers: TV Brasil International, UN Women; Date of Release: March 2011; Language: Portuguese. Available in English and Spanish subtitles)
2009 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development: Women's control over economic resources and access to financial resources, including microfinance
[ www.un.org ]
The World Survey on the Role of Women in Development is the flagship publication of the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women. It is presented to the Second Committee of the General Assembly at five-yearly intervals. The 1999 World Survey focused on globalization, gender and work and the 2004 World Survey addressed women and international migration. The General Assembly requested the Secretary-General to update the World Survey on the Role of Women in Development for the consideration of the General Assembly at its sixty-fourth session; noting that the survey should continue to focus on selective emerging development themes that have an impact on the role of women in the economy at the national, regional and international levels. The theme for the World Survey in 2009 is “Women’s control over economic resources and access to financial resources, including microfinance”.
Excerpt from the Press Conference on the Launch of the 2009 World Survey, 26 October 2009, UN Headquarters:
The gender perspectives of the financial crisis
[ www.un.org ]
The emerging issue on “The gender perspectives of the financial crisis” was considered at an
interactive expert panel at the Fifty-Third Session of the Commission on the Status of Women
(CSW) in March 2009.
Expert meeting on mainstreaming gender in trade policy (10 - 11 March 2009)
[ www.unctad.org ]
The meeting addressed three main issues: the relation between trade and gender; the impact of trade policy on gender through labour markets, SMEs, agriculture and migration; and how to advance mainstreaming gender in trade policy from theory to practice. The report of the meeting, as wells as papers and presentations are available online. UNCTAD, 2009
Promoting Women's Economic Security and Rights
[ www.unifem.org ]
This section covers activities to promote women's economic security and rights and contribute to the eradication of feminized poverty. It contants informaiton on gender and macroeconomics, gender and trade and gender budgets.
The Gender Dimensions of Post-Conflict Reconstruction
[ www.wider.unu.edu ]
Subtitled "The Challenges in Development Aid", this research paper recommends that post-conflict reconstruction projects systematically address gender issues and promote gender equality to make peace work. UNU, 2006
Online Discussion: Women and the Economy
[ www.un.org ]
From October 2004 to January 2005, WomenWatch hosted a series of online discussions on the Platform's critical areas of concern and other important issues to provide input into the review and appraisal of the Bejing Declaration and Platform for Action. All postings and background notes are available for reading as archived online discussion.