Computer networking technologies (CNTs): The various tools being developed for electronic dissemination of information.
Domain: A method of identifying computer addresses on the Internet. Typically the name of an institution or entity followed by a "dot" and an abbreviation, e.g., "gov" for governments, "edu" for educational institutions, "com" for companies, "net" for networks or "org" for organizations.
Electronic conference or bulletin board: A collection of messages related to a particular topic.
Electronic mailing list (also called Listserv): A list of E-mail addresses of people who regularly communicate with each other. You can subscribe to receive messages automatically by sending a request via electronic mail to a specified address.
E-mail: Short for "electronic mail", it's like a letter, a message that one person can send and have received almost instantaneously by someone anywhere in the world via computers and modems using telephone lines.
Gopher: A menu system that organizes and provides easy access to information available on the Internet. The gopher can help you locate information, download files and search databases.
Home page: A Web screen that acts as a starting point. A user can go from a home page to multiple sites across the world's computer networks.
HTTP (Hypertext transfer protocol): The Internet standard that enables information to be distributed across the Web using hypertext markup language (HTML) to upload information.
Internet (The Net): A global network of computers that makes it possible to share information electronically. It offers both one-way communication and "virtual" interactive communication. It allows networking, conferencing, commercial transactions, shopping, banking and publishing. The most popular uses of the Net are E-mail and the World Wide Web (WWW).
Modem: Either an internal or external attachment to your computer that allows you to transmit or receive data through your phone lines. The name is short for modulator-demodulator.
Newsgroup: a single forum for discussion on Usernet. A newsgroup's name denotes the appropriate topic of conversation in that newsgroup. For instance, "comp.sys.mac.comm" is for discussion of communications on the Macintosh computer system; "sci.physics.research" is for discussion of research in physics. The contents of a newsgroup consist of postings -- individual messages, submitted from anywhere on the Internet.
On line: On or actively connected to a computer network.
Logging on: Connecting to a computer network.
URL (Universal Resource Locators): On the World Wide Web, a URL can be thought of as a road map for accessing a specific resource, such as a Web page or gopher site. URLs express the type of resource to be accessed, the specific site where the information is stored and where at the site the information is located. Many URLs begin with the characters http://, gopher://, or ftp://.
Web browser: Enables users of the Internet to discover, retrieve and display documents and data available on the WWW. Web browsers allow the user to view selectively hypertext documents, access powerful text-searching tools, listen to sound files, and view graphics, animation and video across the Internet.
World Wide Web (WWW): Originally a project developed by CERN (European Laboratory for Particle Physics) for sharing information within internationally dispersed teams over computer networks. It allows text and graphics to be shared with anyone else on the network. The WWW is one of the fastest growing areas in the field of computer-mediated communications. It is estimated that there are over 400,000 Web sites.
Sources: US News and World Report, 13 November 1995 UNICEF exhibition: "Summitry Works: Words into Action" Internet Corner Multimedia Online The Tribune, Newsletter 55, International Women's Tribune Center, New York, September 1996. Computer NewsNote, IWTC publication, New York.
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