Republic of Nicaragua
Statement by
H.E. Mr. Enrique Bolanos Geyer
President of the Republic of Nicaragua


New York, September 24, 2003

(Check against delivery)

Mr. President,
Distinguished Heads of States and Governments,
Distinguished Delegates,

Mr. President,

1.         Allow me to congratulate you on your election as President of the fifty-eighth session of the General Assembly.

2.         May I take this opportunity to pay a special tribute to the fine work of your predecessor, Mr. Jan Kavan.

Your Excellencies, distinguished representatives,

3.         Last month, we were all shocked by the terrorist attack on United Nations headquarters in Baghdad.

4.         Precious lives of innocent United Nations staff members were lost, including Sergio Vieira de Mello, the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

5.         The world must not be intimidated by terrorism. The role of the United Nations as a guarantor of collective security is irreplaceable.

6.         Global security is the responsibility of all nations, just as we are all equally bound by international law.


Mr. President,

7.         Nicaragua comes before this General Assembly to propose that we forge a new era in the world order and cooperate actively within the multilateral system to combat (among other scourges) terrorism, corruption, drug trafficking, trafficking in arms and persons and transnational crime, which are harmful to the consolidation of democracy and progress.

8.         In Central America, we have launched a new era, one in which Central America is more united than ever and a model of democratic security with an innovative strategy for facing traditional challenges and modern threats.

9.         On 17 July, at the meeting of Central American Presidents in Guatemala, I submitted a proposal for a "Programme for Arms Limitation and Control in Central America in order to Achieve a Reasonable Balance of Power and to Foster Stability, Mutual Trust and Transparency".

10.       The idea behind my Government's proposal is to establish the necessary controls and a reasonable balance of power and implement modern policies for defence and regional public security by strengthening mechanisms for the peaceful settlement of disputes, an issue which was subsequently espoused by the Central American Presidents gathered in Belize earlier this month, and on which technical teams area already working.

11.       In the current situation, international trafficking in small arms and light weapons is equally worthy of our attention. Nicaragua will soon be the headquarters for a major project to achieve progress in this area as well.

12.       Drug trafficking is a global threat and an attack on democracy and its institutions, putting integral human development at risk.

13.       Because of our privileged geographical position, transnational organized crime is attempting to spread to our region and make it a route between producers and consumers of illicit substances. We have cut off its advance in Nicaragua, a country where security is extensive.

14.       However, cooperation of all international actors must be consolidated on the basis of "shared responsibility" to prevent the expansion of organized crime and the proliferation of drug consumption.

Candidacy to the Security Council

15.       My country's commitment to democratic security is consistent with the struggle for peace and the establishment of a just international order.

16.       Who can make a more effective contribution to preventing war than those who have known it?

17.       We Nicaraguans have suffered the horrors and aftermath of war. The candidacy of Nicaragua will contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security.

18.       For this reason, too, I come to this forum to tell you of the fervent desire and just aspiration of the people and Government of Nicaragua to be elected as a non-permanent member of the Security Council for the 2006 - 2007 term.

19.       Our candidacy has garnered strong support and we hope to consolidate it further in the coming months.


Mr. President,

20.       My Government will not abandon the fight against corruption. We have achieved major successes and have set an example for other sister nations, which makes us proud.

21.       I wish to express my gratitude for the support of the international community, which understood our desire to bring morality to public administration.

22.       Corruption is the root of many evils and takes a huge toll on the economy, in addition to undermining public and private institutions.

23.       Nicaragua greatly appreciates the efforts to translate a United Nations convention against corruption into reality, and welcomes the progress achieved at the sixth session in Vienna, which will form a sound basis for the establishment of international legal norms to help combat this scourge and consolidate the political stability of our countries.

24.       However, the fight against corruption must be coupled with stronger judicial and electoral systems at home in order to strengthen democratic governance.

25.       Recently, I presented my proposal for a National Development Plan to Nicaragua's political, economic and social actors in order to obtain input from all sectors of Nicaraguan  society.


26.       Nicaragua needs external cooperation, which should be coordinated taking into account national plans and strategies relating to its use. The quality, effectiveness and impact of such cooperation should be enhanced by new ideas leading to tangible outcomes in the area of sustainable development.

27.     Additional new resources will also be necessary to fulfil the Millennium Development Goals.

28.     We appreciate the proposal by the United Kingdom entitled "International Financing Facility", a means of increasing the flow of short-term resources by issuing negotiable instruments, and hope it will receive support in the future.

29.     Joint cooperation by the international community has been particularly meaningful for mine clearance activities in my country, where substantial progress has been made thanks to the fine work of national and international institutions participating in this

humanitarian endeavour, and the professionalism of the Army sappers.

30.       As a token of the gratitude of the Nicaraguan people, we have decided to participate in the purely humanitarian mission involving mine clearance and the provision of medical support to the civilian population in Iraq as a way of repaying the generosity with which many countries came to our aid in the past in our hour of greatest need.


Mr. President,

31.       International cooperation is not sufficient to achieve economic development.

32.       We must promote a more equitable international trading system through the World Trade Organization.

33.     To phrase it differently, what good is cooperation for productive development when there are tariff and non-tariff restrictions on trade?

34.     We want fair treatment. This is the issue, and we hope the developed countries will be favourably disposed towards a new trade relationship with developing countries like Nicaragua.

35.       With fair treatment and outlets for our products, we will have a more competitive Central American market, we will attract greater investment to generate more jobs and fair wages and we will reap the benefits of our strategic geographic location and our great potential as an interoceanic route so necessary for international transportation.

36.       Major strides have been made in the Central American integration process, a linchpin of my foreign policy.

37.     The most significant results have been in the area of economic integration. We have paved the way for the successful negotiation of free trade agreements with other countries and regions, like the one we are currently elaborating with the United States.

38.       In these negotiations, Nicaragua will stress preferential treatment, since our economy is less developed, very open and highly dependent on trade and external financing.

39.       Greater development and generation of wealth will keep our citizens from emigrating to countries of the North.

Inter      International Situation

Mr. President,

40.       In some parts of the world, there is still hope for peace.

41.       Nicaragua advocates multilateral action to find peaceful solutions in accordance with international law.

42.       We are concerned by the escalation of the situation in the Middle East and its consequences, and believe that the international community should contribute, through the United Nations, to finding a just and lasting peace in that region.

43.       My Government supports the immediate resumption of the peace process launched this year under the peace plan known as the "Road Map".

44.       We confirm our commitment to strengthening the universal calling of the United Nations so that all peoples of the world can be fairly represented in it and none are excluded.

45.       We thus reiterate to this august Assembly the importance of considering the longing of a legitimately represented people - the Republic of China - to participate as a full-fledged member of the United Nations.

Mr. President,

46.       Nicaragua recognizes its responsibility in forging a new, more human, more just and more secure international order.

47.         Since that fateful day of I I September, it has been our lot to live in difficult times.

48.       May we be capable of building a different world, so that future generations will not blame us for our lack of consensus in the face of the pressing problems of humankind!

49.       Nicaragua is aware of this responsibility and we therefore pledge to work with other Member States to defend multilateralism and overcome present security problems, remaining united in the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations and abiding strictly by international law.

50.       May God bless you, may God bless the United Nations, may God bless all peoples of the world and may God ever bless Nicaragua.

Thank you.