ADDRESS BY H.E. DR. BHEKH B. THAPA,
AMBASSADOR-AT-LARGE AND LEADER OF
THE DELEGATION OF THE
AT THE 58TH SESSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
greet you warmly at your election as President of this session and assure
twelve months have been a momentous period of convulsive events. It
has been a mixed bag. Terrorism has been dented
but remains a serious threat to peace. Some countries have limped back
to normalcy while others have descended into chaos. All sides have accepted
these developments, the United Nations has come into sharp focus that
is not always flattering. However,
the world faces a number of threats to its peace, progress and harmony.
Terrorism is now by far the most immediate
threat that afflicts rich and poor, and big and small countries. After
instance, two bombs exploded in as many months at the United Nations
My own nation is in the throes of terrorism, perpetrated by the self-proclaimed Maoists for last seven years. Opposed to constitutional monarchy and democratic order, the Maoists have broken the 7month-old cease-fire, withdrawn from the talks and unleashed unspeakable violence on the people. They did so even as the Government showed flexibility to accommodate several of their demands and put on the table a comprehensive package of reforms.
His Majesty's Government has the duty to protect the life and liberty of people and to defend freedom and democracy in the country. We will do so resolutely but responsibly. While doing so, we have kept the door of dialogue open. On behalf of the Government, I thank our friends for their understanding and assistance in our war against terror and the UN Secretary-General for his interest and concern.
renewed violence in the
The Security Council must take an
early decision to extend security throughout
While fire fighting in crisis situations is urgent, the international community must look beyond the immediacy of conflicts and attempt to build an edifice of a durable peace in the world. Disarmament, development and rule of law are the pillars of such architecture. There is a moral case and enlightened selfinterest for all of us to work together towards such peace.
Disarmament and confidence building measure are critical to build a culture of peace. Nuclear weapons are the greatest threat to humanity and must be eliminated with their delivery vehicles, in a timebound manner. Nuclear weapon states should steadily reduce their nuclear arsenals and the Conference on Disarmament must draw strategy to eradicate these arms.
As a nation committed to peace, Nepal welcomes the proposals to establish nuclear weapons free zones and to keep outer space free of weapons. We also stress the necessity to reinforce the chemical and biological weapons ban regimes and to strengthen measures to prevent the access of non-state actors to small arms and light weapons.
Poverty is by far the most entrenched threat to peace and human dignity and development is the most daunting challenge for the world. The global community must act together to lift people in developing countries from the perils of hunger, ignorance, disease and despair. We must create jobs and opportunities to enable people to lead a decent life and to raise their stakes in peace and order.
in the agriculture and social sectors as well as rural infrastructure
constitute the core of our quest for poverty reduction and sustainable
As developing countries lead efforts for their progress, development partners must keep their commitments by meeting development assistance targets and providing debt relief to the highly indebted poor countries, including all least developed nations.
development assistance alone, however, will do little to help developing
countries unless rich nations dismantle their farm subsidies and pull
down their tariff and non-tariff barriers for the products from the
South. Improved access to world markets is critical for poor nations
to attract investment, remove their supply-side constraints and transform
their economies. In this context, the
His Majesty's Government is grateful to the World Trade Organization
for deciding to admit
Landlocked developing countries face geographic handicaps and remoteness from the major corridors of global commerce. We welcome that the Almaty Program of Action to address their problem and thank the transit and development partners for making the ministerial meeting a success. We urge all sides to make concerted efforts to. implement the Almaty Program.
fairness and rule of law are the building blocks of secure peace at
home and across the world. With this in view,
Our pledge to these values and ideals remains as strong as ever. Parliamentary elections postponed due to Maoist threat will be held as soon as possible and immediate steps will be taken to restore and reactivate local authorities. The Government is seriously committed to doing this.
The Government has accorded high priority to lifting the status of women, children and disadvantaged people as well as to preventing trafficking in women. It has established juvenile courts and strengthened the court system as well as tried to give the tools and resources necessary to the human rights protection and anti-corruption agencies to do their job.
Speaking of justice, nearly 100,000 Bhutanese refugees living in camps
No organization can stand the test of time unless it is prepared to carry out bold reforms. Events in the run up to the Iraq war have shown the frailty of the United Nations and underlined the imperative for immediate and balanced reforms for the Organization to secure more legitimacy, not only in the eyes of the rich but also in the perception of the poor.
While we welcome the reforms the General Assembly adopted last year, we support the SecretaryGeneral's proposal to set up a high-level panel to seek ways to make the United Nations a vibrant, effective and efficient organization, which can come to grips with the emerging challenges.
As we see it, there is an urgent imperative for the General Assembly to reclaim its primacy at the United Nations and for the ECOSOC to make its work more visible and relevant to the ordinary people. To achieve these objectives, we must not only rationalize the agendas of these organs but also ensure that they adopt fewer resolutions that matter and that could be implemented to benefit humanity.
Reforms are long overdue to make the Security Council more democratic
in its work and more representative in its structure.
In our view, the Non-aligned Movement should play an active role in United Nations reform. It should also work closely with the G-77 to advance their shared agenda in this and other respects.
our immediate and overriding preoccupation at home is restoration of
peace, our commitment to regional cooperation and just and secure world
constitutes an objective of equal order. The world has witnessed the
resilience of the Nepalese people during difficult periods in history.
We remain equally committed today to overcome the current challenge.
I call on friends and well-wishers of
Thank you for your attention, Mr. President.