Today, 13 June 2012, the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, starting the 100 day countdown to the International Day of Peace, called on people around the world to consider how they can help build a ‘sustainable peace for a sustainable future.’
“If we are to build such a future, we must all play our individual part – I urge everyone, between now and 21 September, to think about how they can contribute,” Mr. Ban said in his message to mark the countdown.
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The International Day of Peace was first established on 30 November 1981 by the General Assembly resolution A/RES/36/67.
On 28 September 2001 the General Assembly, in resolution A/RES/55/282, decided that, beginning in 2002, the International Day of Peace should be observed on 21 September each year.
The Assembly declared that the Day be observed as a day of global ceasefire and non-violence, an invitation to all nations and people to honour a cessation of hostilities during the Day. It invited all Member States, organizations of the United Nations system, regional and non-governmental organizations and individuals to commemorate the Day in an appropriate manner, including through education and public awareness, and to cooperate with the United Nations in establishing a global ceasefire.
The General Assembly’s resolution A/RES/36/67 of 30 November 1981 was sponsored by Costa Rica. It established the third Tuesday of September (to coincide with the opening day of its regular sessions) as the International Day of Peace devoted to commemorating and strengthening the ideals of peace.
The first occurrence of the International Day of Peace was Tuesday, September 21, 1982.
The 2001 resolution A/RES/55/282, changed the day from the third Tuesday to specifically the 21st day of September. The new resolution was sponsored by the United Kingdom and Costa Rica to give the Day of Peace a fixed date and to declare it as a global ceasefire day.
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