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Department of Political Affairs

Recent reports by the Secretary-General

The Central African Republic, Guinea-Bissau and Somalia are among the countries in focus in the latest reports by the Secretary-General relating to field operations managed by the Department of Political Affairs.

Guinea-Bissau: Fundamental changes needed to break cycle of instability – 28 February 2013
In this latest report on Guinea-Bissau, the Secretary-General expresses concern about the lack of meaningful progress towards the restoration of constitutional order and the ongoing military interference in political affairs.  “If Guinea-Bissau is to break the vicious cycle of political and military instability, there must be fundamental changes”, says Mr. Ban, pointing to both the way in which politics is conducted and how reforms are implemented. Read the full report
Sierra Leone: Preparing drawdown after 15 years – 27 February 2013
Over its 15 years of operations, UNIPSIL helped implement peace agreements, assisted with national recovery, and contributed to strengthen national institutions.  Amid a continued deepening of democratic transformation, as demonstrated by recent elections, the Secretary-General provides recommendations in this report for the transition, drawdown and exit strategy of UNIPSIL while recommending that its mandate be extended for 12 to 18 months to consolidate the gains it has accomplished. Read the full report.
Libya : Progress in the making – 21 February 2013
A young boy waves the new Libyan flag“Libya continues to achieve progress in its democratic transition”, notes the Secretary-General, saying the swearing in of the first democratically constituted Government marks yet another milestone in this process.  While the formation of the Government is a welcome political development, a concerted effort is needed to address the numerous challenges facing Libya. After the historic elections of July 2012, the Libyan people have started to demand more of their elected authorities.  Read the full report.
Somalia : Opening a new chapter – 31 January 2013
Girl close to Belet belet Weyne“The end of the transition in Somalia has opened a new chapter for its people”, writes the Secretary-General, underscoring that people now look to their authorities to transform the country from a war-torn State to one where they can prosper in peace.  However, major challenges lie ahead and the struggle is far from over as recent gains remain fragile and elements inside and outside the country are opposing the new political dispensation.  Read the full report
Burundi : Progress in peace and stability but dwindling political space – 18 January 2013
Burundi electionsWhile Burundi has continued to make progress in consolidating peace and stability, the year 2012 has witnessed a troubling diminishing of political space, the Secretary-General assessed.  Mr. Ban strongly condemns the continuing incursions by armed groups, which highlight the potential fragility of the situation, and calls for deepening regional integration as a key to lifting the East African nation out of the post-conflict poverty trap.  Read the full report.  
West Africa: Battling transnational challenges and fallout from the Mali crisis – 31 December 2012
“Cross-cutting and cross-border challenges continue to represent a threat to regional stability in West Africa and could reverse gains achieved over the past few years”, warns the Secretary-General in his latest report on the activities of the UN Office for West Africa.  The situation in West Africa continues to be dominated by the crisis in Mali, while transnational organized crime and drug trafficking are compounding regional instability.  Read the full report.  
Central Africa : Progress in battling the Lord’s Resistance Army – 13 December 2012
LRA victimsThe Secretary-General’s report on the UN Regional Office for Central Africa finds that despite persisting challenges, encouraging progress has been made in tackling the threat and impact of the Ugandan rebel group Lord’s Resistance Army.  This is a key objective of the office, which was established in 2011 to coordinate United Nations activities in the area of peace and security in Central Africa.  Read the full report.