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Department of Political Affairs

Recent Reports of the Secretary-General

Burundi, Libya and Somalia are among the countries in focus in the latest Reports of the Secretary-General relating to field missions managed by the Department of Political Affairs.

Somalia : At a tipping point – 31 January 2012


“The situation in Somalia is at a tipping point,” the Secretary-General wrote in a special report on the East African country. While the political and security situation on the ground remained extremely fragile, the prospects for positive change appeared greater than they have been for many years, he concluded.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called the expansion of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) from a mandated strength of 12’000 to more than 17’000 troops critical in seizing the present moment of opportunity.

In an earlier report on Somalia of 9 December 2011, he urged the country’s transitional federal institutions to make tangible progress on key issues such as finalizing the new constitution and reforming parliament. Future support to Somalia’s institutions would be contingent upon the completion of these tasks, he noted.

Read the report of 31 January 2012 and the report of 9 December 2011 (PDF).

More about the UN's political role in Somalia


West Africa : Fallout from the Libyan Crisis - 30 December 2011

 UNOWA Head Said Djinnit (left) The fallout from the Libyan crisis was likely to continue to challenge stability in the Sahel region, the Secretary-General assessed and called on the Governments of the region to strengthen cooperation in facing any threats. The Special Representative for West Africa and the entire UN system would remain active in supporting the region, he pledged.

On Guinea, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on the ruling and opposition parties to demonstrate flexibility and goodwill with regard to the upcoming legislative elections. The timely holding of free, fair and peaceful elections would further contribute to reinforcing democratization in the country, he stressed in his report on West Africa.

On the demarcation of the border separating Cameroon and Nigeria, he called on the two countries to finalize the process according to their timeline by the end of 2012.

Read the full report on West Africa  (PDF).

More about the United Nations Regional Office for West Africa (UNOWA)


Burundi : Progress overshadowed by killings - 30 November 2011

  Burundi In his report on Burundi, the Secretary-General welcomed the country’s progress in consolidating peace and stability, notably the establishment of the National Independent Human Rights Commission.

  While Burundi has remained free of large-scale violence it continued to experience apparent extrajudicial killings. The Secretary-General expressed his concern about the continued killing of FNL supporters as well as reports of FNL paramilitary activities in neighboring countries.

Read the full report on Burundi (PDF).

More about the United Nations Office in Burundi (BNUB)


Central African Republic :  Ceasefire ends clashes - 28 November 2011

  Special Representative Vogt, head of BINUCA, at the Security Council On the Central African Republic (CAR), Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon welcomed the Government’s announcement to include all parties in reforming the electoral code, while stressing that the absence of political space for the opposition has added to the tense atmosphere in the country.

 He further welcomed significant progress in disarming and demobilizing former combatants in the north-west as well as the ceasefire ending clashes between armed groups in October.

Read the full report on the Central African Republic (PDF).

More about the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA)


Libya :  UN support ranging from elections to non-proliferation - 22 November 2011

  Libya The Secretary-General’s report on Libya was issued only weeks after his visit to Tripoli on 2 November where he assured the country’s leaders of UN assistance in a range of areas. These include, among others, the holding of elections, the promotion of transitional justice, and public security.

On public security, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon underlined the importance of giving former revolutionary fighters the perspective of a civilian life. He also called on the international community to provide assistance in limiting the flow of weapons - from small-arms to weapons of mass destruction.

Read the full report on Libya (PDF).

More about the United Nations Support Office in Libya (UNSMIL)


Central Africa: Regional Office becomes operational - 10 November 2011

  Special Representative Abou Moussa, head of UNOCA Inaugurated in March 2011, the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) assists the governments of the sub-region in preventing conflict. In November, the Secretary-General issued his first report on the mission, outlining its role and start-up phase. In dozens of consultative meetings, UNOCA head Abou Moussa prepared the ground for a close coordination with representatives of states, regional organizations and UN entities. Cooperating with the regional office in West Africa, UNOCA began tackling security challenges such as piracy in the Gulf of Guinea or the illicit flow of arms and fighters. Together with UN peace operations, UNOCA addresses the threat posed by the armed group Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), acting as the UN’s focal point on the issue.

Read the full report on Central Africa (PDF).

More about the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA)


LRA: Call for increasing assistance in the fight against the armed group - 4 November 2011

  Victims of the LRA In a report on the armed group Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), the Secretary-General expressed his concern about “the brutal and indiscriminate nature of LRA’s ongoing attacks on civilians”, including killings, abductions, looting and the displacement of more than 400’000 people in Central Africa.

In fighting the transnational threat, the Secretary-General said the United Nations would stand ready to support the regional strategy of the African Union.

Read the full report on the LRA (PDF).