The United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) was established in December 2007 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, to assist the governments of Central Asia in peacefully and co-operatively managing common challenges and threats including organized crime, drug trafficking, terrorism and environmental degradation.
Conflict prevention and dialogue
The Department of Political Affairs oversees the Center, which is headed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Miroslav Jenča
. Established at the request of the five countries of the region -- Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan – UNRCCA offers assistance in preventing conflict, facilitating dialogue and catalyzing international support for common projects and initiatives.
In 2010, the Centre worked closely with the Kyrgyz Government and regional organizations, including the EU, OSCE, CSTO, and SCO, to stem tensions and violence, encourage the democratic process, and promote reconstruction and reconciliation in Kyrgyzstan.
Three priority areas
UNRCCA's Program of Action for 2009-2011 was adopted in consultation with the five countries of the region, and includes three priority areas: (i) Cross-border threats from Illicit Activities: Terrorism, Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking; (ii) Environment Degradation and Management of Common Resources such as Water and Energy; and (iii) Implications from the Precarious Situation of Afghanistan.
A previous DPA-led political mission in the region, the United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace-building (UNTOP), completed its mandate in 2007 after seven years of efforts to help Tajikistan consolidate peace and stability in the aftermath of a civil war.