Central African Republic
Four of the country’s five presidents since independence in 1960 have been removed from power through unconstitutional means, and state authority is weak in many parts of the country. Ethnic tensions in the north and the presence of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), an armed group known for its brutal tactics, have added to instability, which has crippled the country for decades and driven people away from their homes.
In light of these deep-seated ills, the United Nations has been supporting the Central African Republic (CAR) for more than a decade.
Until April 2014, efforts on the ground were led by the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic, BINUCA, a field office of the Department of Political Affairs.
On 10 April 2014, the Security Council decided to establish a UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the CAR (MINUSCA) in view of the developments on the ground. MINUSCA subsumed BINUCA.
During its existence, BINUCA helped to consolidate peace, foster national reconciliation, and strengthen democratic institutions, as well as strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights.