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Department of Political Affairs

Annual Report 2014 - Multi-Year Appeal

The Department of Political Affairs (DPA) is pleased to present its 2014 Annual Report. The Report highlights the main areas where extrabudgetary funding was used in support of DPA's mandate to prevent, manage and resolve conflict. It also provides an opportunity to look back on the Department' achievements over the past challenging year.

As a result of a rapidly changing global political landscape in 2014, pressure on the Department to fulfil its conflict-prevention and resolution role grew exponentially. In light of the worsening crises in Syria and South Sudan; the spread of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL); the Ebola epidemic; the ongoing crisis in Ukraine; attacks by Boko Haram in Nigeria; organized crime networks globally. and the deteriorating political crisis in the Central African Republic – to name only a few of the challenges requiring our attention – 2014 was anything but ‘business as usual’. Meanwhile, DPA's Appeal was 78% funded with $19.2 million received from 18 donors. This represented a 20% increase from 2013. Given the enormity of the challenges ahead, the Department is urging more partners to come forward.
 
The numbers in the Report tell a compelling story. In 2014, DPA continued to assist dozens of peacemaking processes and political transitions from Mali Ukraine. The Standby Team of Mediation Experts was deployed more than 100 times to support peace, mediation and dialogue processes. The 40 Special Political Missions (SPMs) DPA oversees across three continents are in the frontlines responding to a growing number of threats and challenges. DPA also supported over 65 countries with their electoral processes, especially in milestone elections such as in Afghanistan and Iraq. By the end of 2014, in mediation engagements alone, 85% of DPA of DPA activities involved working with regional and sub-regional organizations. A significant increase in requests from both DPKO and UNDP for assistance on peace process-related questions also helped DPA to live up to its mandate to be a system-wide service provider.
 
The 2015 Appeal will support the Department as it takes on threats to international peace and security of seemingly ever-increasing scale and gravity.
 

 

 

How DPA is Funded

 
The Department of Political Affairs plays a central role in United Nations efforts to prevent and resolve deadly conflicts around the world.  To carry out its mandate effectively, the Department relies on funding through the regular UN budget and through additional voluntary donor contributions. Voluntary funds offer flexibility and a genuinely rapid response capacity for preventing conflict.  
  
The mechanism used to mobilize voluntary contributions is called the Multi-Year Appeal. This is a strategic and results-oriented document that is fully aligned with the regular budget strategic framework and links priority areas with proposed extra-budgetary activities. 
 
The latest appeal update, which covers the 2015 period, calls for $25.5 million in extrabudgetary support. These funds will be used as a matter of priority for the following output areas:  
  1. Timely, reliable rapid response mechanisms in place and effective on-going support provided to Special Envoys, Political Missions and other key stakeholders in the field ($14.5 million);
  2. Timely, coordinated and comprehensive response provided by DPA to requests for UN electoral assistance ($1 million);
  3. Productive partnerships developed and sustained with regional organizations, UN system entities and other stakeholders to enhance conflict prevention, mediation and peacebuilding ($4.5 million);  
  4. DPA’s supporting capacity and mechanisms are enhanced to assist conflict prevention, mediation and peacebuilding ($5.5 million).


DPA activities in 2015

 
In its 2015 Annual Appeal, the Department highlights how it used extra-budgetary funding to spearhead UN efforts to respond to crises or support transitions in Africa, the Middle East, North Africa, Asia, and Europe. 
 
Voluntary contributions received under the Multi-Year Appeal helped identify warning signs of emerging crises and offer timely diplomatic and political interventions. Tools used to prevent, contain and resolve conflicts included preventive diplomacy, mediation and good offices.  
 
Increased Member State support
 
These activities – many taking place quietly, away from the spotlight – would have been impossible without support from partners and generous funding from Member States. Last year, DPA called for $24.5 million in extrabudgetary support. As of November 2014, a total of $15 million has been pledged, out of which, $11 million has been received. Sixty-nine per cent of the total contributions are un-earmarked, which is a positive trend enabling the Department to use the contributions more effectively.
 
 
Focusing on results and better planning
 
In carrying out its mandate, DPA tries to exhaust all resources already at its disposal before seeking voluntary contributions. Nevertheless, in light of additional mandates and growing demands placed on the Department for its mediation, conflict prevention and good offices services, voluntary contributions are critical to respond quickly to emerging needs. Limited resources make finding the balance between crisis management and relationship development upon which successful mediation rests increasingly challenging. 
 
The Department enhanced and is further improving its Results Framework, and has further instituted a learning and evaluation framework and board. It develops annual learning and evaluation plans and has in place an assessment framework to better evaluate its engagements in preventive diplomacy and mediation, in addition to adding in-house capacity. These activities are all undertaken with a single goal: learning from the past to deliver more effectively in the future. 
 
 
Case Study: Diplomatic efforts in Ukraine
 
 
In search of a political solution to the crisis in Ukraine, our work has been guided first and foremost by the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, including the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity, the peaceful settlement of disputes and full respect for human rights.
 
In the spirit of the Charter, the Secretary-General has employed intensive diplomatic efforts using his good offices mandate and his moral authority to consistently press — both publicly and privately—for de-escalation, direct, good-faith and results-oriented dialogue, and a peaceful, diplomatic and negotiated solution as the only way out of the crisis. DPA has consistently helped to frame these key political messages as well as the UN overall strategy vis-àvis the crisis.
 
The Department has maintained a small political office in Ukraine since March 2014, funded through the Appeal, and mandated to: keep senior UN leadership abreast of the latest developments on the ground; represent the UN on issues in the political and diplomatic sphere, particularly in discussions with the Government and key international partners; interface and coordinate with key stakeholders operating in Ukraine, including other UN agencies, funds and programmes; and to serve as a platform for high-level diplomatic efforts of the UN toward a peaceful resolution of the crisis.
 
This presence has been instrumental in guiding the UN policy on Ukraine, including the Secretary-General’s personal engagement with key stakeholders toward a peaceful resolution of the conflict. It has also ensured that the Secretariat has a deep understanding of the complex situation on the ground, so as to be able to keep our Member States informed, particularly during political briefings to the Security Council. It has also been able to create additional space for UN engagement by earning the confidence and support of all key stakeholders.
 
DPA supported the work of regional organizations, such as the OSCE, in carrying forth their important mandates related to Ukraine. For instance, in May 2014, two senior mediation experts were deployed to provide guidance to the work of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine. DPA also provided technical expertise in support of OSCE's ceasefire monitoring and verification efforts. All these activities will continue in 2015, with the envisaged enhancement and consolidation of the DPA political presence in Ukraine, with a view to better supporting UN engagement at this critical juncture.
 
 
Official Development Assistance
DPA services are typically provided to fragile and/or conflict-affected states and are related to political processes that are essential for economic development and welfare.  In recognition of the role that political processes play in development, in 2012 the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) officially registered DPA as an organization eligible to receive Official Development Assistance (ODA).  This registration allows donors to meet their voluntary development assistance targets when pledging funds to DPA.
 
Donor Meeting
The Department's annual donor meeting was held on 8 December.

 

 

 

 

 

Key Figures
  • 2014-2015 Multi-Year Appeal: $50 million
  • New Multi-Year Appeal for 2015: $25.5 million
DPA Annual Report 2014

                                                                             

Annual Report 2014 -
Multi-Year Appeal

Annual Appeal 2015