The International Labour Organization (ILO) works with other UN agencies, governments and sports organisations through partnerships to use sport as an opportunity to promote social and economic development, youth skills and better working conditions for women and men.
The leisure time of workers and their families are the main reasons for ILO's involvement in the sport sector. In 1922, the Organisation conducted a number of consultations on the above subject area and in 1924, the International Labour Conference (ILC) adopted a resolution following consultations with the IOC President Pierre de Coubertin and a number of experts in local sports institutions. The objective was to reduce the number of working hours to a maximum of eight per day and to reorient the time of the workers to social activities which would include recreation and physical education.
As history goes full circle, it is worth noticing that the ILO is called upon today to help in developing services for recreational activities of workers. In doing so, not only national programmes in favour of the workers are preserved, but real opportunities are created for centres to be upgraded with new services, possibly creating new job categories with training to be developed for coaches, tourist guides, managers etc.
1. Youth Sport Programme
Through the programme, training activities are conducted in Albania, El Salvador, Guinea, Mozambique and Senegal to develop employability skills for youth through sport and to develop partnerships among sport institutions, the UN system and ILO constituents.
2. Common Framework for Sport and Development
Methodology to work in partnership with the UN system and with sport partners. The methodology has been developed and tested: see here.
3. Decent Work Agenda
A partnership was forged with the International Olympic Committee on various topic areas of the Decent Work Agenda.
Giovanni di Cola (2009), Developing skills and competences for professional athletes, ILO contribution to the IOC World Congress Copenhagen, ILO.
Giovanni di Cola, Christel Costa, Claire Bélony and Bertrand Loze (2008), Travail Décent, Développement Local et Sport, ILO, Geneva, Switzerland. Also available in Spanish (2008): Trabajo Decente desarrollo local y Deporte, ILO, Geneva, Switzerland.
OIT et Ecoles de Coetquidan-St Cyr (2007), Ethique, Travail décent et Sport, ILO, Geneva, Switzerland.
Giovanni di Cola (ed.) (2006), Beyond the Scoreboard - Youth employment opportunities and skills development in the sports sector, ILO, Geneva, Switzerland (also available in Spanish and in Italian).
For additional resources, see www.ilo.org/universitas
Mr. Giovanni di Cola
Mrs. Anita Amorim