Statistics: Latin America and the Caribbean
- The region has made remarkable progress towards implementing
most of the MDGs. At least five of the MDGs appear to have already
been met and in other areas progress has been rapid enough to
put the region well on track to meet the 2015 deadline.
- The region’s total net enrolment ratio in primary education
rose from 87% in 1991 to 97% in 2005, the highest percentage in
all regions surveyed.
- 42% of non agricultural paid jobs are occupied by women, and
the share of women holding parliamentary seats has grown from
12% in 1990 to 20% in 2007.
- There has been a significant progress in reducing child mortality
from 54 deaths per 1,000 births in 1990 to 31 in 2005.
- However, poverty rates in this region have decreased only slightly
from 10% in 1990 to 9% in 2004. At the same time, income inequality
remains the highest among all developing areas, with the poorest
1/5 of the population accounting for only about 3% of national
- The region being among the most biologically diverse areas around
the globe, suffers from one of the fastest rates of deforestation.
The proportion of land covered by forests declined from 50% in
1990 to 46% in 2005.