13 363 421 (July 2004 est.)
area: 181 035 square km
per capita: $1 900 (2003 est.)
Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers. In 1863,
the king of Cambodia placed the country under French protection; it
became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation
in World War II, Cambodia became independent within the French Union in
1949 and fully independent in 1953. After a five-year struggle,
Communist Khmer Rouge’s forces captured Phnom Penh in April 1975 and
ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; at least 1.5 million
Cambodians died from execution, enforced hardships, or starvation
during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT.
Cambodia’s economy slowed dramatically in 1997-1998 due to
the regional economic crisis, civil violence, and political infighting.
Foreign investment and tourism fell off. In 1999, the first full year
of peace in 30 years, progress was made on economic reforms. Growth
resumed and has remained about 5.0% during 2000-2003. Cambodia expects
1 million foreign tourists in 2004. Economic growth has been largely
driven by expansion in the clothing sector and tourism.
given Cambodia’s recent growth, the long-term development of the
economy after decades of war remains a daunting challenge. The
population lacks education and productive skills, particularly in the
poverty-ridden countryside, which suffers from an almost total lack of
Nations Membership date: 14 December 1955
Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations, 866
United Nations Plaza, Suite 420
New York, N.Y. 10017.
Telephone: 212-421-7626 / 7650 / 7651