AND SOCIAL COUNCIL HOLDS ANNUAL SESSION IN
NEW YORK, 28 JUNE - 23 JULY, 2004
Segment Focuses on Resource Mobilization for PovertyEradication,
Including Promoting Investment in Least Developed Countries
year, the high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council
was held from 28-30 June at the UN headquarters in New York.
During the segment, ministers and other high-level representatives
from Member States and heads of UN agencies, funds focused
on the critical theme: Resources mobilization and enabling
environment for poverty eradication in the context of the
implementation of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed
Countries for the decade 2001-2010.
segment was the culmination of an intensive preparatory process
which began in February and March with several round tables
involving the Governments, the UN system, civil society and
the private sector. The close cooperation of key agencies
such as UN/OHRLLS, UNDP, UNCTAD, ILO, UNCDF and others have
been instrumental in laying the groundwork for ensuring a
successful high-level segment.The high-level segment started
on the morning of 28 June with a High-Level Policy Dialogue
with the heads of international financial and trade institutions.
It addressed current issues in the world economy with a focus
this year on Resources mobilization for the implementation
of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries
(LDCs) for the decade 2001-2010 (the theme of the segment).
It was an occasion to exchange views on the global economic
situation and its impact on development, notably the realization
of the Millennium Development Goals in LDCs. The Deputy Secretary-General
Louise Fréchette, H.E. Mr. Mathieu Kerekou, President
of Benin, Mr. Anwarul K. Chowdhury, UN Under-Secretary-General
and High Representative for the Least Developed Countries,
Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing
States, Mr. Rubens Ricupero, Secretary-General of UNCTAD,
Mr. Ian Goldin, Vice President, External Affairs, Communications
and UN Affairs of the World Bank, and Mr. Agustín Carstens,
Deputy Managing Director of IMF were among the high-level
participants in the dialogue.
the segment, an investment promotion forum for poverty reduction
in the Least Developed Countries was organized featuring roundtables
organized by UN agencies to discuss how to mobilize resources
and expertise to address poverty and to pursue sustainable
business development in the 50 least developed countries in
the world. The high-level segment also featured several Ministerial
Roundtable Breakfasts and other special events.
opening day, the report of the Secretary-General was introduced
on the theme of the high-level segment (Resources mobilization
for the implementation of the Programme of Action for the
Least Developed Countries (LDCs) for the Decade 2001-2010,
E/2004/54). It focused on three main considerations: debt,
commodities and the special situation of countries at risk
of conflict. The report noted that despite a global commitment
to address widespread poverty in the least developed countries
(LDCs), on the basis of current trends, most LDCs are unlikely
to achieve the MDGs. The report addressed three critical areas.
Firstly, fostering a people-centred policy framework. Secondly,
creating enabling conditions domestically and more so internationally.
Thirdly, the role of partnerships, including public-private
partnerships at all levels, in exploiting the growing potential
of the private sector and civil society for achieving the
objectives of the Brussels Programme of Action and the MDGs.
adopted a Ministerial Declaration on resources mobilization
and enabling environment for poverty eradication and sustainable
development for the least developed countries at the conclusion
of the high-level segment, on 30 June. A key message of the
declaration calls for a renewed commitment to the implementation
of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries
for the decade 2001-2010.
concrete effort to mobilize resources in LDCs, the interagency
initiative Turning Assets into Usable Capital was launched
during the high-level segment. Its pilot project aims to assist
Benin in efforts to give title to land and property in conjunction
with improved access to financial services based on ownership.
of participation of ministers and other high-level officials
was unprecedented. The President of Benin Mr. Mathieu Kerekou;
the European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian
Aid Mr. Poul Nielson; the Minister of Foreign Affairs and
International Cooperation of the United Republic of Tanzania
Mr. Jakaya M. Kikwete; Ms. Maria Cattaui, Secretary-General
of the International Chamber of Commerce as well as a large
number of other eminent persons and representatives of the
business sector participated in the meeting.
substantive session continued with a Coordination Segment
(1 to 7 July), an Operational Activities Segment (7 to 12
July), a Humanitarian Segment (12 to 14 July), and a General
Segment (15 to 22 July).
Segment was devoted to two themes: (i) Coordinated and integrated
United Nations system approach to promote rural development
in developing countries, with due consideration to least developed
countries, for poverty eradication and sustainable development.
(ii) Review and appraisal of the system-wide implementation
of the Council's agreed conclusions 1997/2 on mainstreaming
the gender perspective into all policies and programmes in
the United Nations system.
of rural development was a continuation of the discussion
held at last year's high-level segment. Members were able
to review how far the UN system has gone to promote an integrated
approach to rural development. The segment placed special
emphasis on LDCs.
July, a panel discussion took place on the theme Working together
to promote integrated rural development in developing countries,
particularly the least developed countries.
Activities Segment focused on the operational activities of
the United Nations for international development cooperation,
and considered the Secretary-General's report on the triennial
comprehensive policy review of operational activities for
development of the United Nations system.
Segment was dedicated to special economic, humanitarian and
disaster relief assistance, and also included a panel discussion
on field-level coordination for the purpose of continuing
the presence and operations of United Nations humanitarian
assistance missions in higher-risk environments.
the General Segment addressed implementation of, and follow-up
to, major United Nations conferences and summits; economic
and environmental questions; social and human rights questions;
and regional cooperation.