E. Dr. A. ABDULLAH Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs
of the Islamic State of Afghanistan
In the Name of God the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Scores of nations and thousands of millions of people throughout the world would like to hope that the title of this Special Session of the General Assembly will one day become a reality in their everyday lives.
Today, however, we must admit that for them, globalization means marginalization and worsening of their social condition. The gap between rich and poor is developing into a gulf at international as well as national levels.
I shall not quote figures, which are known to you all ; but more and more people are becoming trapped by poverty, sickness and illeteracy. For them , the concept of a "global village" is a pipe-dream.
The development of globalization is irreversible; but as it develops, it brings with it a greater degree of marginalization. Humankind cannot and must not bow to the law of market alone; politics cannot abandon the field. A number of the conflicts raging in the world today are sustained, if not actually stimulated, by economic and financial interets offering immediate gain; whereas a prerequisite for lasting development is stability. We need rules.If the trend towards marginalization is not checked, the world will be faced with unforesecable upheavals . If that trend continues, it will foster the emergence of fanatical and extremist forces; that will not be a solution to the problems of poverty , but instead a threat to international stability and security.
Social development cannot be achieved in isolation. It has to be envisaged in a global framework of economic , cultural and political development. The two essential pillars which sustain the whole structure are health and education. for all. Women have a preponderant role to play. The primary precondition for the achievement of the social development aims which the international community set itself in Copenhagen five years ago is the existence of a favourable environment . We consider that the necessary action to that end must be organized at three levels:
At the national level: the essential framework is one of respect for the renewed will of the people, respect for human rights , participation of civil society and good governance: in short, a democratic framework and a voluntarist policy favouring women, girls and the most vulnerable groups;
At the regional level: the regional environment implies respect for the sovereignty of States and non interference in the internal affairs of States. These are the essential preconditions for regional cooperation and economic complementarities to be taken into account;
At the international level: honouring by the rich countries of their commitments to the developing countries, and in particular to the least developed countries, including matters relating to debt, and the taking into account of considerations of social development in the programmes and policies of the international financial institutions.The Islamic State of Afghanistan actively participated in the Worl Summit for Social Development held in Copenhagen from 6 to 12 March 1995, and started the implementation of its programme of action , by using all possible means. Unfortunately by, the same date, March 1995, the Taliban mercenaries attacked Kabul and continued their military campaign until they succeded to invade the capital by September 1996.
A good number of the 10 commitments by the Summit members became object of the attention of the Islamic State of Afghanistan in 1995. The unfortunate course of events, and in September 1996 the invasion of Kabul by the Taliban, and subsequent tragedies, brought about major obstacles preventing the implementation of the Copenhagen commitments.
of the tragic consequences of the Taliban military occupation was the complete
shutting down of all girls schools and high schools in the occupied area of
the country. Girls were absolutely prevented to attend universities and technical
schools. It became forbidden for girls and women to leave their houses, while
in Kabul and most occupied cities , widows of earlier wars had been working
and were breadwinner of their orphan children. Restrictive measures are taken
to debar women and girls from access to health services.
In a general way, the education level of the male population was also lowered since five years. The Taliban merceneries did not provide any budget for the most elementary institutions of research or technical center. This state of social and cultural decrepitude prevailed as a result of military occupation.Taliban are not interested in taking any measure for eradication of poverty. Their main objective is to subjugate Afghans by military means and conquer all the country.
In the areas controlled by the government, the educational system functions normally for the boys and girls . The girl's schools are open and the female staff members of the Ministry of Education continuing their jobs. Hospitals and health centres are open to both women and men. The Islamic State of Afghanistan, despite its scarce resources, continue to assist the people in tackling their problems. It is noteworthy to indicate that the foreign , imposed conflict on Afghanistan has its negative effects on the areas controlled by the government as well.
The Islamic State of Afghanistan is expecting the full implementation of the United Nations' General Assembly and Security Council resolutions on Afghanistan including the part of the resolution which refer to the emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy, reconstruction and rehabilitation of war-stricken Afghanistan.
In conclusion I am launching an appeal the the international community , concerned international relief agencies, including non-governmental organization to start or enhance their assistance for the purpose of social development of the entire population of Afghanistan.Thank you Mr. President.