H.E. MR. CHOE SU HON
VICE-MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA
AT THE SPECIAL SESSION OF UNGA
GENEVA, 27 JUNE 2000
I would like, first, to
extend warm greetings to you, Mr. Theo-ben Gurirab, Foreign Minister of the
Republic of Namibia and the Chairman of the Special Session. I believe that
the current session would owe much to your talented diplomatic skills and experience.
I would also like to express deep gratitude to the Swiss Government for having made excellent preparations for the Session and provided all possible conveniences for the delegations.
It is now five years since
the adoption of the Declaration and the Programme of Action at the Copenhagen
World Summit for Social Development. During the period under review, the international
community has striven to achieve the goals put forward at the World Summit,
and the international organisations within UN systems and the relevant regional
organisations have also actively joined in these efforts.
As a result, the social
development issues have been considerably brought to the attention of the international
community and some action-oriented steps were taken in this direction.
However, the problems such
as poverty and unemployment, the major concern of the Summit, are rather aggravated
and the overall socio-economic development is faced with serious challenges.
This is manifested by the
statistical fact that the number of world people living in poverty has increased
from 1 billion to 1.4 billion in five years, the number of the unemployed and
the underemployed reaches at 1 billion and the external debt of the developing
countries amounts to 2.5 trillion US$.
This can be said to be a partial reflection of adverse aspect of the globalization.
Globalisation brings profits
only to the developed countries. It imposes poverty, unemployment and economic
subjugation upon the developing countries.
Use of force and arbitrary
actions in violation of the sovereignty of other countries constitutes another
factor that hinders socio-economic development. Bombardment and economic sanctions
against the sovereign states and various kinds of conflicts not only threaten
the right to existence of people and bring about social instability, inequality
and crimes, but also pose damaging consequences to socio-economic development
of the neighbouring countries and regions.
We are of the view that
addressing these challenges should be the main task of the Special Session.
The people of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, firmly rallied around the great leader General Kim Jong 11 with one mind, are now undertaking vigorous struggle in the face of the manifold difficulties and hardships in order to achieve higher level of socioeconomic development and build a powerful country in near future.
We are making all our efforts
to overcome the consequences of the several-yearlong severe natural disasters,
while coping with the continued isolation attempt and economic blockade by the
foreign forces against our country. Under these circumstances, however, the
Government of the DPRK continues to put into effect the free education, free
medical care and other social policies, taking full responsibility of the people's
It is the manifestation
of the result of the army-first policy, army-first leadership of the respected
General Kim Jong II that our country with relatively small territory and population
is able to continue to introduce social policies for the popular masses, while
firmly defending its sovereignty, facing up to the isolating and stiffling attempt
of the forces hostile to our country.
The Government of the DPRK
will strive, as ever, to effectuate the people-centred social policies on a
This Special Session, which is held at the historical moment when we enter into a new century, is vested with heavy responsibility to bring hope and confidence to the mankind to see a peaceful and prosperous new century where there are no challenges.
Our delegation is of the
opinion that particular attention should be paid to the following issues in
considering possible measures for implementing the Copenhagen Programme of Action.
First, the international
community will have to devote its efforts to establishing an equitable international
Present reality, where
there exists critical disparity between the north and the south in the economic
development levels and capabilities, requires not "globalization", but equitable
international economic order based on the principle of respect for sovereignty,
equality and mutual benefit.
In historical retrospect,
social development is directly linked to economic development, and social problems
such as poverty and unemployment can be solved only when sustainable economic
development is achieved.
It is the priority task
of the developing countries to build independent national economy and strengthen
In this regard, international
trade and investment policies will have to be reformulated and international
financial structure be reformed in such a way as to increase preferential treatment
and development financing for the developing countries. And, concrete measures
should be taken to increase international development and cooperation fund,
reduce or nullify external debts and introduce unconditional transfer of technology.
Second, the principle of respect for state sovereignty and non-interference in others' internal affairs should be strictly adhered to in the international relations.
The use of force and the
intervention in others' internal affairs against their sovereignty committed
under the pretext of "human rights" and "humanitarian affairs" should be rejected,
since they constitute open attempt to destroy the principle of respect for state
sovereignty enshrined in the UN Charter and other international laws.
Third, arbitrary economic
sanctions and blockade should be lifted and all disputes be resolved through
dialogue and negotiations.
The reality shows that
the arbitrary economic sanctions and blockade and all kinds of disputes give
serious negative effect to the socio-economic development not only of the target
countries but also of the neighbouring countries and regions and threaten even
the existence of thousands of people.
Therefore, arbitrary sanctions
and blockade should not be allowed any longer. And the disputes should be resolved
by way of dialogue and negotiations and their abuse for any political purposes
should not be condoned in any case.
In order to address the
said issues in a proper manner, all countries must display their strong will
to achieve the social development goals put forward by the World Summit, and
the active involvement by the United Nations and its agencies is particularly
The Government and the people of the DPRK will contribute to the international community in their efforts for world independence and social development by safeguarding the sovereignty of the country and building a powerful and prosperous country.