Secretary-General's briefing to the Security Council on Libya
New York, 30 August 2011Mr. President,
Let me begin with an update on the terrorist attack on the UN House in the Nigerian capital of Abuja.
We have all condemned this terrible act. As many of us noted, it was an assault on those who devoted their lives to helping others.
This the second major terrorist attack on UN premises this year. The first, of course, was in Mazar-i-Sharif, where seven people died, including three UN staff.
In the Abuja incident, a total of 23 people were killed. Eleven of them were UN staff, including one international – a young Norwegian woman named Ingrid Midtgaard from Oslo. More than 80 were wounded.
Within minutes of the initial reports, I aked the Deputy Secretary-General, Asha-Rose Migiro, and our head of security, Under-Secretary-General Gregory Starr, to go to the scene. They returned yesterday and have briefed me.
What we know is that this attack was the work of a suicide bomber who rammed a sport utility vehicle, at high speed, through the exit gates of the UN compound.
The UN House in Abuja, home to 26 UN agencies and programmes, is a well-built structure, with robust security measures. This attack is therefore cause for a serious reassessment – not just in Nigeria, and not just in high-threat locations, but worldwide.
We will be undertaking a full review of the incident itself and our security measures at UN House. We will also be initiating a global threat review shortly. I will share the results with you at the first opportunity.
Meanwhile, we are doing everything possible to assist the victims and their families. That will include trauma counselling for those who might need it.
This afternoon, I will report to the General Assembly.
On Thursday, the DSG will hold a Town Hall in New York to discuss the tragedy.
Clearly, the UN and our people are being targeted more and more often by terrorists worldwide.
Too often, it seems, we are considered a “soft” target.
The security of our staff working overseas must be paramount.
We must draw the lessons to be learned from Abuja. And together, we must commit the effort and resources to implement them.
Our goal must be to stay, not leave, in difficult security conditions. We must continue to carry out our vital work, not lock ourselves behind fortresses.
We must manage risk, not become risk averse.
I would like to close by thanking His Excellency President Goodluck Jonathan and the Government of Nigeria for their assistance in the aftermath of the attack. Once again, I extend my deep sympathies to the victims and their loved ones.
And I salute the courage and dedication of our UN team in Abuja, for whom this is such a sad and terrible blow.
You have seen the latest reports from Libya.
I think we can all be encouraged by the current trends.
Yesterday, we received confirmation that members of Muammar al-Qadhafi's family have sought asylum in Algeria.
The National Transition Council appears to be largely in control of Tripoli and other cities. Fighting continues in some parts of the country, most notably Sirte, Sabha, Zuwara and points to the south. Yet I think we can now hope for a quick conclusion to the conflict and an end to the suffering of Libya's people.
Over the past week, I have spoken on several occasions with the Chairman of the NTC, Mr. Mustafa Abdel Jalil. We discussed the UN role in Libya in the months ahead, including such areas as election assistance, transitional justice and policing, as well as urgent humanitarian needs.
We will continue these discussions in Paris on Thursday at the summit-level meeting of the Libya Support Group. My Special Advisor for Post-Conflict Planning for Libya, Mr. Ian Martin, and my Special Envoy, Mr. Abdel Elah Al-Khatib, will accompany me, along with the Under Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Mr. Lynn Pascoe.
Meanwhile, on Friday 26 August, I held a video-conference meeting with the heads of the League of Arab States, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the African Union and the European Union. All agreed that, at this critical moment, the international community must come together with an effective, well-coordinated program of action. All agreed, as well, that the United Nations should lead that effort.
Following this meeting, the Council of the League of Arab States held an extra-ordinary ministerial session in Cairo on 27 August. There, I understand, that the League of Arab States' Member States have agreed that the NTC should fill the seat of Libya at the League of Arab States. The meeting also called on the United Nations to allow the NTC to do the same at the UN itself.
Also on 26 August, the Deputy Secretary-General participated at the African Union Peace and Security Council meeting in Addis Ababa. There, too, African leaders stressed the need for national reconciliation and underscored the AU's commitment to work with all Libyan stakeholders to stabilize the country.
We must act, quickly and decisively, to meet the considerable challenges ahead.
The humanitarian situation in Libya demands urgent action.
We are beginning to see signs of progress. According to some reports, large caches of medical supplies and food have been discovered over the weekend by the transitional authorities, apparently stockpiled by the former regime.
Hospitals are re-opening. The World Food Program has sent in a large humanitarian convoy from Tunisia, carrying water, medical supplies and blood donated by the government of Tunisia.
The World Health Organization is sending 45 tonnes of medical supplies as part of that same effort.
Tripoli's seaport is now open and functioning – an essential step forward in getting international relief supplies and workers into the country.
However, water supplies are critically short. According to our latest reports, an estimated 60 percent of Tripoli's population is without water and sanitation. UNICEF engineers are working to repair the pumping stations that conduct water from the Great Manmade River to the capital and other areas, but we do not know how long it will take to restore service. Clearly, ongoing security concerns make the situation precarious at best.
It is essential that sufficient fuel and spare parts be available if we are to avoid further shut-downs of the water system. Meanwhile, we are working urgently to mobilize other resources for delivering water – tanker trucks, among them. In the coming days, we will likely be requesting urgent international assistance in this matter.
It was vitally important that the Security Council Sanctions Committee acted to release $1.5 billion in frozen Libyan assets for humanitarian assistance. The first allocation of these assets – $110 million – has just been made.
Further action will be needed in the coming days. I appeal to the Council to continue to be responsive to the requests of the Transitional Authorities for funding.
Also on the humanitarian front, let me note that the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) successfully evacuated approximately 1,000 migrants and third country nationals from Tripoli on 28 August.
Lastly, human rights: during recent days, we have seen growing evidence of summary executions, torture and human rights violations. These will be looked into by the International Commission of Inquiry on Libya, which is expected to submit its first oral update to the Human Rights Council on 19 September.
I cannot overstate the urgency of this moment.
Time is of the essence.
The people of Libya are looking to the international community for help. The transitional government will be outlining specific requests in the coming days.
My aim is to get UN personnel on the ground absolutely as quickly as possible, under a robust Security Council mandate.
My Special Advisor, Mr. Ian Martin, has been consulting daily with the National Transitional Council and other Libyan stakeholders, as have I and other senior members of our team.
In our response, the UN will operate under three fundamental principles.
First, national ownership: Libya's future is for Libyans to decide. We will act in accordance with their needs and desires, not vice versa.
Second, rapid response and delivery: Mr. Ian Martin and his team have been engaged in a preparatory process to enable the UN to respond swiftly to requests by the Libyan authorities. It appears from our consultations with the NTC that these requests will focus on mainly five areas:
? Restoring public security and order and promote rule of law;
? Leading inclusive political dialogue, promoting national reconciliation, and determining the constitution-making and electoral process;
? Extending state authority, including through strengthening emerging accountable institutions and the restoration of public services;
? Protecting human rights, particularly for vulnerable groups, and supporting transitional justice; and
? Taking immediate steps to initiate economic recovery;
Our third principle: that is effective coordination.
Our most important job will be to ensure that multilateral, regional and bilateral efforts are complementary and correspond to Libyan wishes. In turn, this will require Libya's transitional authorities to provide clear priorities – short-term and longer-term.
Our on-the-ground teams will work closely with the country's leadership to ensure that confusion and duplication of effort are kept to a minimum, and that time and financial resources are not wasted.
We are all acutely conscious of the magnitude of the challenge in Libya – and of the enormous opportunity to help the Libyan people build a more democratic, prosperous and stable future.
In coming to their assistance, we must speak and act as one.
In our response to the post-conflict challenge, we must be proactive and effective. Yet, at the same time, we must be sensitive to the complex needs and desires of the Libyan people themselves.
As I said earlier, the future of Libya must be led and owned by the Libyan people themselves. Their needs and priorities for national unity, reconciliation and inclusiveness will be the foundation of our efforts in the days and months to come.
Thank you very much.