Communiqué of the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration
Steering Committee (Comité de Pilotage) of the Central African Republic (CAR)
Bangui, 12 December 2012
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict met with the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Steering Committee (Comité de Pilotage) during her visit to the Central African Republic from 5 to 12 December 2012. The Comité de Pilotage was constituted pursuant to the 2008 Libreville Comprehensive Peace Agreement, and consists of representatives of the Government of the Central African Republic; leaders of the political-military groups CPJP, FDPC, MLCJ, UFDR and UFR; BINUCA, UNDP and World Bank; African Union; European Union; Government of France; and MICOPAX.
The visit of the Special Representative to the Central African Republic was conducted within the framework of Security Council resolutions 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009) and 1960 (2010), which emphasize the need to develop effective mechanisms for providing protection from sexual violence to women and girls in all disarmament, demobilization and reintegration processes assisted by the United Nations.
The political-military armed groups who are signatories to the 2008 Libreville Comprehensive Peace Agreement commit to prevent and address sexual and all other forms of gender-based violence. Accordingly, the Comité de Pilotage emphasizes the following priorities, which are in line with the commitments of the Government of the Central African Republic as expressed by the Protocol on the Prevention and Suppression of Sexual Violence against Women and Children of the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), as well as the Joint Communique of the Government of the Central African Republic and the United Nations on Sexual Violence in Conflict (12 December 2012):
- Identification and early release of all women, girls and boys associated with the political-military groups who are signatories to the Libreville Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the October 2011 Ceasefire Agreement [also in accordance with Action Plans on the recruitment and use of children associated with armed forces and groups, under SCR 1612 (2005)];
- Political-military groups signatories to the 2008 Libreville Comprehensive Peace Agreement, will issue clear Command Orders regarding sexual violence through their respective chains of command and political organizations, and make commitments to investigate allegations of sexual violence, including rape, forced and early marriage, and hold perpetrators of such violations accountable;
- Political-military groups will cooperate with the Government in efforts to vet all elements being integrated into the national security forces and institutions to ensure that those who have committed grave human rights violations, including sexual violence, are excluded from positions of leadership and responsibility;
- Ensuring that women from civil society and local communities have access to and can influence the implementation of the DDR process, including through regular consultation and engagement with the Minister for Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Promotion of Gender.
All political-military groups represented in the Comité de Pilotage and falling under the auspices of the DDR process will designate focal points to liaise with the Minister for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration and Special Representative of the Secretary-General for CAR in their capacity as co-Presidents of the Comité de Pilotage, in order to prepare an implementation strategy and plan as relates to the commitments outlined above.
Other members of the Comité de Pilotage as well as donors are urged to provide resources and support as appropriate for the implementation of the commitments outlined above.
The United Nations will continue to support the Comité de Pilotage of the DDR in the implementation of the commitments outlined above through BINUCA and the UN Country Team, as well as the Office of the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, the UN Team of Experts on Rule of Law/Sexual Violence.