Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia
and Eritrea


The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia was first created on 24 April 1992 to oversee the general and complete arms embargo imposed by Security Council resolution 733 (1992) and to undertake the tasks set out by the Security Council in paragraph 11 of resolution 751 (1992) and, subsequently, in paragraph 4 of resolution 1356 (2001) and paragraph 11 of resolution 1844 (2008).

Following the adoption of resolution 1907 (2009), which imposed a sanctions regime on Eritrea (described further below) and expanded the Committee's mandate, the Committee changed its name on 26 February 2010 to “Security Council Committee pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea”. The expanded mandate of the Committee is delineated in paragraph 18 of resolution 1907 (2009), paragraph 13 of resolution 2023 (2011) and paragraph 23 of resolution 2036 (2012).

The Security Council first imposed a general and complete arms embargo on Somalia on 23 January 1992 with the adoption of resolution 733 (1992). Subsequent resolutions elaborated, amended and introduced exemptions to arms embargo on Somalia. In resolution 2111 (2013), adopted on 24 July 2013, the Security Council consolidated the exemptions to the arms embargo on Somalia and Eritrea in one single resolution.

By resolution 2093 (2013), the Council decided to partially lift the arms embargo on Somalia for deliveries of weapons or military equipment or the provision of advice, assistance or training, intended solely for the development of the Security Forces of the Federal Government. This modification of the arms embargo on Somalia does not apply to the items listed in the annex of the resolutions for which an exemption is required (paragraph 7 of resolution 2111 (2013)).

By resolution 1844 (2008) and resolution 1907 (2009), the Security Council decided to impose individual targeted sanctions (an arms embargo, including training and financial assistance, on individuals and entities; a travel ban on individuals; and an assets freeze on individuals and entities, as designated by the Committee). Paragraphs 2 and 4 of resolution 1844 (2008) as well as paragraph 4 of resolution 1972 (2011) contain exemptions to those measures.

The Committee considers designating individuals or entities on the basis of the criteria contained in paragraph 8 of resolution 1844 (2008), paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of resolution 2002 (2011), paragraph 23 of resolution 2036 (2012), paragraph 3 of resolution 2060 (2012), and paragraph 43 of resolution 2093 (2013). Paragraph 1 of resolution 2002 (2011) expanded the criteria for designation to include individuals and entities found to be recruiting or using children in armed conflicts in Somalia or found to be responsible for the targeting of civilians including children and women in situations of armed conflict. In paragraph 15 (e) of resolution 1907 (2009), the Security Council decided that obstructing the investigations or work of the Monitoring Group is a criterion for listing.

In paragraph 22 of resolution 2036 (2012), the Security Council imposed a ban on the direct or indirect import of charcoal from Somalia, whether or not such charcoal originated in Somalia. Furthermore, the Council decided that Somali authorities shall take the necessary measures to prevent the export of charcoal from Somalia.

The Somalia sanctions regime is summarized in the table below.

Measure Description (unofficial) Exceptions to the measure

Arms Embargo (territorial)

All Member States shall immediately implement a general and complete arms embargo on all deliveries of weapons and military equipment to Somalia until the Council decides otherwise.

Set out in paragraphs 6, 7, 10 and 11 of resolution 2111 (2013).

Arms Embargo (Targeted ban on arms transfers to individuals and entities)

All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply of weapons, military equipment, technical assistance, training, financial and other assistance, related to military activities, or to the supply of arms, to the individuals or entities designated by the Committee. 

None.

Travel Ban

All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals designated by the Committee. Set out in paragraph 2 of resolution 1844 (2008).

Assets Freeze

All Member States shall freeze without delay funds, other financial assets and economic resources owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by individuals and entities designated by the Committee. Set out in paragraph 4 of resolution 1844 (2008) as well as paragraph 4 of resolution 1972 (2011).
Charcoal Ban All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect import of charcoal from Somalia, whether or not such charcoal originated in Somalia. Somali authorities shall take the necessary measures to prevent the export of charcoal from Somalia. None

On 23 December 2009 the Security Council adopted resolution 1907 (2009) by which it imposed a two-way (import and export) arms embargo on Eritrea as well as targeted sanctions (an arms embargo, a travel ban and an asset freeze) on individuals and entities designated by the Committee pursuant to paragraph 15 of the same resolution. Exemptions to the arms embargo were introduced by the Council in paragraphs 11 and 12 of resolution 2060 (2012) and have been consolidated in resolution 2111 (2013). Paragraphs 11 and 14 of resolution 1907 (2009) provide for exemptions to the travel ban and assets freeze, respectively.

Resolution 2023 (2011) expands the restrictive measures regarding Eritrea in the area of “Diaspora taxes”, the Eritrean mining sector and financial services.

The Eritrea sanctions regime is summarized in the table below.

Measure Description (unofficial) Exceptions to the measure

Two-way Arms Embargo (territorial)

All Member States shall take measures to prevent the sale or supply to Eritrea of arms and related materiel of all types as well as technical assistance, training, financial and other assistance related to military activities or to the provision, manufacture, maintenance or use of these items.

Eritrea shall not supply, sell or transfer directly or indirectly from its territory or by its nationals any arms or related material.

Set out in paragraphs 12 and 13 of resolution 2111 (2013).

Arms Embargo (targeted ban on arms transfers to individuals and entities)

All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply of arms and related materiel of all types as well as technical assistance or training, financial and other assistance related to military activities to the individuals or entities designated by the Committee.

None.

Travel Ban

All Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of individuals designated by the Committee. Set out in paragraph 11 of resolution 1907 (2009).

Assets Freeze

All Member States shall freeze without delay funds, other financial assets and economic resources owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by individuals and entities designated by the Committee. Set out in paragraph 14 of resolution 1907 (2009).

On 22 July 2002, a Panel of Experts on Somalia was established with the adoption of resolution 1425 (2002) to generate information on violations of the arms embargo with a view toward strengthening it. The Panel of Experts was succeeded by the Monitoring Group on Somalia established pursuant to resolution 1519 (2003) to focus on the ongoing arms embargo violations. Subsequent resolutions extended and expanded the mandate of the Monitoring Group. After the adoption of resolution 1907 (2009) the Monitoring Group changed its name to Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. The mandate of the Monitoring Group currently in existence was extended until 25 November 2014 by resolution 2111 (2013). Its mandate is delineated in paragraph 13 of resolution 2060 (2012), paragraph 41 of resolution 2093 (2013), and paragraph 19 of resolution 2111 (2013). View available reports of the Panel of Experts and the Monitoring Group.

The current Chair of the Committee, for the period ending 31 December 2014, is His Excellency Mr. Oh Joon (Republic of Korea). The two Vice-Chairs for 2014 are Chad and Jordan. (S/2014/2)

The Committee prepares annual reports of its activities. The Committee has guidelines for the conduct of its work. Formal and informal meetings of the Committee are announced in the Journal of the United Nations.

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